Laboratory and Field Assessment of the Frost Resistance of Sosnowsky’s Hogweed

Abstract

The frost resistance of Sosnowsky’s hogweed plants (Heracleum sosnowsky Manden.) has been evaluated under laboratory and field conditions. The death of seedlings and adult plants observed within a temperature range from –6 to –12°C indicates low frost tolerance of the species. A snow cover provides a stable soil temperature (no less than –3°С) at the depth of renewal bud location and, therefore, provides the sustainability of meristematic potential in cenopopulations of H. sosnowsky. A shifting of freezing temperature for a H. sosnowsky meristem from –12°С (autumn) to –5 to –7°С (spring) is probably caused by the lack of a true dormancy stage and by changes in the content of cryoprotectors. Plant seeds also demonstrate reduced frost resistance after stratification (overwintering) and increased tissue water content. Field studies were carried out with assistance of volunteers within the framework of the “Moroz” (“Frost”) project arranged within the borders of the invasion habitat of the species in European Russia and based on the principles of citizen science. The results of the study show that the destruction of Sosnowsky’s hogweed plants after the snow cover removal depends only on weather conditions. Thus, elimination of H. sosnovsky stands by freezing can be recommended only for regions where average long-term minimum temperatures in January and February do not exceed –25°C; this method can be relevant for territories where the use of chemical herbicides is limited or prohibited.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to Oleg Sergeevich Fedoseev (Glebovskoe, Yaroslavl oblast) and Alina Aleksandrovna Muratova and Alla Yurova (St. Petersburg) for the registration and support of the “Moroz” project. We are grateful to all persons who shared information about the project and also to respected opponents for their constructive criticism.

Funding

The study was performed within the framework of the project “Phototrophs as the Components of Nature and Indicators of Climate Changes,” supported by the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2018−2020, project no. 18-4-4-20), and the study “Physiology and Stress Resistance of Plant Photosynthesis and Poikilohydric Photoautotrophs under Conditions of the North” (2017–2019, project no. GR 0414-2016-0001).

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Correspondence to I. V. Dalke or D. V. Tishin or M. N. Shaikina.

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Translated by N. Statsyuk

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Dalke, I.V., Chadin, I.F., Malyshev, R.V. et al. Laboratory and Field Assessment of the Frost Resistance of Sosnowsky’s Hogweed. Russ J Biol Invasions 11, 9–20 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S2075111720010026

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Keywords:

  • Heracleum sosnowskyi
  • invasion
  • frost resistance
  • winter hardiness
  • citizen science, brush destruction