The effect of the precipitation conditions on the morphology and the sorption properties of CuS particles

  • A. V. BulgakovaEmail author
  • D. S. Sofronov
  • P. V. Mateichenko
  • V. N. Baumer
  • A. A. Beda
  • V. A. Chebanov
Physicochemical Processes at the Interfaces


The effect of the nature of the copper salt precursor anion and the pH of a solution on the morphology and the phase composition of CuS particles has been studied upon precipitation from thiourea solutions. It has been established that, irrespective of the precipitation conditions, generation of the CuS phase and the chalcanthite impurity phase CuSO4 • 5H2O is recorded according to the X-ray diffraction analysis data. At pH 8 and a c((NH2)2CS): c(Cu2+) ratio of 1: 1, from nitrate solutions a fine powder is formed that consists of spherical particles smaller than 100 nm in size. An increase in the c((NH2)2CS): c(Cu2+) ratio and in the precipitation pH results in coarser particles of up to 1.5 μm in size. The replacement of the salt precursor anion by SO 4 2- facilitates the decrease in the spherical particle size to 1 μm and that by Cl to 0.7 μm. The synthesis conditions of the CuS sorbent that control the latter’s morphological properties have an effect on the sorption of cadmium from aqueous solutions.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cheraneva, L.G., Shvetsova, M.A., and Vol’khin, V.V., Vestn. Perm. Nats. Issled. Politekh. Univ., Khim. Tekhnol. Biotekhnol., 2009, vol. 9, p. 19.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sofronov, D.S., Belikov, K.N., Kamneva, N.N., et al., Sorbtsionnye Khromatogr. Protsessy, 2014, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 159.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Krasnopyorova, A.P., Belikov, K.N., Sofronov, D.S., Bulgakova, A.V., and Rubailo, A.Yu., Methods Objects Chem. Anal., 2013, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 194.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yow, L.Yo., Pei, L.Ya., Kutty, M.G., et al., Adv. Mater. Res., 2012, vol. 356, p. 537.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sofronov, D.S., Kisil’, E. M., and Voloshko, A.Yu., in III Mezhd. nauch. konf. “Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy formirovaniya i modifikatsii mikro-i nanostruktur” (III Int. Sci. Conf. “Physical-Chemical Principles of Formation and Modification of Micro-and Nanostructures”), Kharkov, 2009, vol. 2, p. 530.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sofronov, D.S., Sofronova, E.M., and Baumer, V.N., Funct. Mater., 2011, vol. 18, p. 523.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sofronov, D.S., Kamneva, N.N., Bulgakova, A.V., et al., J. Biol. Phys. Chem., 2013, vol. 13. P. 85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hosseini, S.H., J. Miner. Mater. Charact. Eng., 2006, vol. 5, p. 21.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lidin, R.A., Molochko, V.A., and Andreeva, L.L., Khimicheskie svoistva neorganicheskikh veshchestv (Chemical Properties of Inorganic Substances), Moscow: Khimiya, 2000, p. 293.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Morse, J.W. and Araki, T., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1993, vol. 57, p. 3635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jong, T. and Parry, D.L.J., Colloid Interface Sci., 2004, vol. 275, p. 61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Erdem, M. and Ozverdi, A., Sep. Purif. Technol., 2006, vol. 51, p. 240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Bulgakova
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. S. Sofronov
    • 1
  • P. V. Mateichenko
    • 1
  • V. N. Baumer
    • 1
  • A. A. Beda
    • 2
  • V. A. Chebanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Single CrystalsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKharkivUkraine
  2. 2.Shevchenko National UniversityKyivUkraine

Personalised recommendations