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Reconstruction of Environmental Conditions in the Eastern Part of Primorsky Krai (Russian Far East) in the Late Holocene

Abstract

This paper examines a 115 cm long profile section of lacustrine-swamp sediments from the Langou I Bay (eastern part of Primorsky Krai; 44°25′10.16″ N, 135°54′26.08″ E). According to the produced age model, the sediments are 3900 years old. A multiproxy study involving geochemical, chironomid, diatom, and palynological analysis indicates that the climatic and environmental conditions on the seacoast in the eastern part of Primorsky Krai developed in many respects synchronously with known climatic phases of the Late Holocene. The period from ca. 4200 to 2600 cal years BP corresponds to the first and second warm stages of the Jōmon period and the late Jōmon transgression in Japan. The peak of summer temperatures in the vicinity of the Langou I Bay occurred between 2900 and 2600 cal years BP. The cooling that began after 2600 cal years BP was not as severe in the study area as in Japan (cold Jōmon and Kofun stages): the reconstructed temperatures were 1°C lower than now; in Japan, they were 2–3°C below the current level. The Medieval Climate Optimum (Nara–Heian–Kamakura stage in Japan) reconstructed for the eastern part of Primorsky Krai in the period from 1250 to 750 cal years BP featured a humid climate with summer temperatures ca. 1.5°C higher than at present. The period between 750 and 250 cal years BP correlates with the Little Ice Age: summer temperatures had dropped to 1.5–2°C below the modern one. In the last 200 years, the lake has been shallowing and has nearly dried out. This period is marked by temperature fluctuations amid the trend of climate warming.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to participants of expeditions to the study area and to N.P. Domra of the Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, for preparing specimens for the spore–pollen analysis.

Funding

This study was supported by the German Research Foundation (Deutscheforschungsgemeinschaft, DFG), project no. NA 760/5-1, and performed as part of the state assignment of the Pacific Geographical Institute, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, theme no. AAAA-A19-119030790003-1. The production of the databases used in this study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 20-17-00135.

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Correspondence to L. B. Nazarova.

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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Translated by L. Emeliyanov

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Nazarova, L.B., Razjigaeva, N.G., Golovatyuk, L.V. et al. Reconstruction of Environmental Conditions in the Eastern Part of Primorsky Krai (Russian Far East) in the Late Holocene. Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 14, 218–230 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995425521030094

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995425521030094

Keywords:

  • southern part of Russian Far East
  • environmental situations
  • Late Holocene climate
  • paleolake
  • chironomids
  • diatoms
  • pollen