Phylogeny of Salmonoid Fishes (Salmonoidei) Based on mtDNA COI Gene Sequences (Barcoding)

Abstract

We have analyzed the partial sequences of the mitochondrial COI gene along with the amino acid sequences of cytochrome oxidase subunit I, encoded by this gene region, in representatives of 11 genera of salmonoid fish. For amino acid sequences, two alternative networks are constructed with outgroups represented by either Esocoidei or Osmeroidei as the supposed ancestral groups. This way, Osmeroidei appear to be closer to the salmonoid fish than Esocoidei, and their presence in the network as an outgroup explains the available data on the morphology and karyology of salmonoids much better. A number of the results of this study are fundamentally new. In particular, the slowing down of the molecular evolution of the grayling (Thymallidae) is shown. We conclude that the charr (Salvelinus) is one of the modern genera of salmonoids closest to their ancestor. The hypothesis of the phylogenetic proximity of the genera Brachymystax, Hucho, and Salmo has been confirmed. We also discuss the possibility that it is namely the changes in the amino acid sequence of cytochrome oxidase subunit I that lead to postzygotic reproductive isolation between taxa.

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Correspondence to V. S. Artamonova.

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Original Russian Text © V.S. Artamonova, O.V. Kolmakova, E.A. Kirillova, A.A. Makhrov, 2018, published in Sibirskii Ekologicheskii Zhurnal, 2018, No. 3, pp. 293–310.

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Artamonova, V.S., Kolmakova, O.V., Kirillova, E.A. et al. Phylogeny of Salmonoid Fishes (Salmonoidei) Based on mtDNA COI Gene Sequences (Barcoding). Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 11, 271–285 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995425518030022

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Keywords

  • evolution
  • network
  • molecular clock
  • amino acid sequence
  • reproductive isolation
  • immobilization
  • fishes