Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 195–206 | Cite as

Meromixis and Seasonal Dynamics of Vertical Structure of Lake Uchum (South Siberia)

  • D. Y. Rogozin
  • V. V. Zykov
  • E. A. Ivanova
  • T. N. Anufrieva
  • Y. V. Barkhatov
  • E. B. Khromechek
  • I. Y. Botvich
Article

Abstract

The seasonal dynamics of the vertical structure of small saline Lake Uchum, located in the steppe arid zone of the south of Siberia (Krasnoyarsk krai), has been studied in detail for the first time. This lake is a meromictic water body. We have revealed a heterogeneous vertical distribution of plankton organisms and a dense population of purple sulfuric bacteria in the redox zone. The taxonomic composition and seasonal dynamics of phyto- and zooplankton are described. Presumably, the meromixis of Lake Uchum is due to the inflow of fresh water to the surface of the saline water body during the rise of its level in the early 20th century, similarly to lakes Shira and Shunet located nearby. The processes of salt displacement into the solution during the formation of ice, as well as the precipitation of salts in the winter, also contribute to the maintenance of permanent stratification. The information on the current state of the lake can be useful for reconstructing the climate by bottom sediments, as well as for creating a model of water quality and investigating the therapeutic properties of lake mud.

Keywords

meromixis hydrogen sulfide stratification salt lake phototrophic sulfur bacteria phytoplankton zooplankton bottom sediments 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Y. Rogozin
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. V. Zykov
    • 1
  • E. A. Ivanova
    • 2
  • T. N. Anufrieva
    • 2
  • Y. V. Barkhatov
    • 1
  • E. B. Khromechek
    • 1
  • I. Y. Botvich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biophysics, Siberian DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

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