Advertisement

Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp 656–661 | Cite as

Threshold concentrations of cations in environmentally determining the distribution borders of river crayfish (Astacus astacus L.) in fresh reservoirs

  • V. I. MartemyanovEmail author
  • A. S. Mavrin
Article

Abstract

The content of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium in the hemolymph of river crayfish caught in nature is maintained at levels of 178.0 ± 2.5, 7.1 ± 0.5, 17.3 ± 0.7, and 3.0 ± 0.1 mmol/L, accordingly. It is shown that the threshold concentrations of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium in water determining the distribution borders of river crayfish in fresh reservoirs is 0.0087–0.0174, 0.0046–0.0087, 0.0105–0.0222, and 0.0012–0.0033 mmol/L, accordingly. The reduction of water mineralization is accompanied by a significant increase in the gradients of the cation concentration between the organism and the environment, which is accompanied with a higher load on the maintenance of the water-salt exchange. A comparative analysis of the threshold concentrations of the above mentioned elements for river crayfish, roach, perch, goldfish, crucian, two species of two-folding mollusks, and Spirogyra filamentous alga is performed.

Keywords

river crayfish threshold concentration sodium potassium calcium magnesium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Dogel’, V.A., Plague of crayfishes (historical review), Sb. Nauchn. Tr. Gos. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Ozern. Rechn. Rybn. Khoz., 1989, no. 300, pp. 124–136.Google Scholar
  2. Fedotov, V.P., Organizatsionnye aspekty fermerskikh khozyaistv po vyrashchivaniyu i marketingu rakov, Ser. Akvakul’tura (Organization and Marketing of Crayfish Growing Farms, Ser.: Aquaculture), Moscow: Vseross. Nauchn. Inst. Ekon. Ryb. Khoz., 1994, no. 1, pp. 12–22.Google Scholar
  3. Fedotov, V.P., Protection of the crayfish reservoirs and organization of commercial fishing, Mater. soveshch. po problemam okhrany, ratsional’nogo ispol’zovaniya, i vosproizvodstva rechnykh rakov (Proc. Meeting on Protection, Rational Use, and Reproduction of the Crayfishes), Moscow: Medinor, 1997, pp. 14–37.Google Scholar
  4. Holdich, D.M., Distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries, Bull. Fr. Peche Piscic, 2002, vol. 367, pp. 611–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Martemyanov, V.I., Influence of salinity on the freshwater fishes, Zool. Zh., 1989, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 72–81.Google Scholar
  6. Martemyanov, V.I., Influence of environmental mineral composition on the indices of water-salt metabolism in Dreissena polymorpha Pallas introduced to Rybinsk Reservoir, Russ. J. Biol. Inv., 2011, vol. 2, nos. 2–3, pp. 213–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Martemyanov, V.I. and Mavrin, A.S., Influence of the threshold concentrations of cooper ions in freshwater on the perch organism, in Antropogennoe vliyanie na vodnye organizmy i ekosistemy (Anthropogenic Influence on Aquatic Organisms and Ecosystems), Borok: TR-Print, 2011, part 1, pp. 159–162.Google Scholar
  8. Martemyanov, V.I. and Mavrin, A.S., Threshold environmental concentration of cations determining the boundaries of survival of the filamentous alga Spirogyra sp. in freshwater reservoirs, Contemp. Probl. Ecol., 2012a, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 250–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Martemyanov, V.I. and Mavrin, A.S., Threshold environmental concentrations of cations defining the range of roach Rutilus rutilus L. in freshwater reservoirs, Inland Water Biol., 2012b, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 91–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tsukerzis, Ya.M., Use of prospective crayfish species from reservoirs of Northwest of USSR for development of crayfish farming, Sb. Nauchn. Tr. Gos. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Ozern. Rechn. Rybn. Khoz., 1989, no. 300, pp. 5–10.Google Scholar
  11. Vinogradov, G.A., Protsessy ionnoi regulyatsii u presnovodnykh ryb i bespozvonochnykh (Ion Regulation Processes in Freshwater Fishes and Invertebrates), Moscow: Nauka, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. Vinogradov, G.A. and Biochino, G.I., Physiological features of zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) and Dreissena bugensis (Andr.) in the Rybinsk reservoir, Biol. Vnutr. Vod., 2005, no. 3, pp. 74–78.Google Scholar
  13. Vinogradov, G.A., Klerman, A.K., and Komov, V.T., Peculiarities of ion exchange in freshwater mollusks in conditions of high concentration of hydrogen ions and low mineralization of environment, Ekologiya (Yekaterinburg, Russ. Fed.), 1987, no. 3, pp. 81–84.Google Scholar
  14. Vinogradov, G.A. and Komov, V.T., Ion exchange in crucian and common carp during acclimatization to the low water mineralization, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1988, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 124–131.Google Scholar
  15. Voronin, V.N., Current studies of diseases and parasites of the crayfishes, Sb. Nauchn. Tr. Gos. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Ozern. Rechn. Rybn. Khoz., 1989, no. 300, pp. 137–148.Google Scholar
  16. Westman, K., Savolainen, R., and Julkunen, M., Replacement of the native crayfish Astacus astacus by the introduced species Pacifastacus leniusculus in small, enclosed Finnish lake: a 30-year study, Ecography, 2002, vol. 25, pp. 53–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Papanin Institute of Biology of Inland WatersRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblastRussia

Personalised recommendations