Polymer Science Series D

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 133–139 | Cite as

The use of peat-based water repellants to modify fire-extinguishing powders

  • O. S. MisnikovEmail author
  • O. V. Dmitriev
  • V. I. Popov
  • E. Yu. Chertkova


This paper describes the basics of thermal chemical processing of an organic peat substance aimed at forming and separating bitumen components to make water-repellant modifying additives. The possibility of using such additives as water-repellant agents in fire-extinguishing powders is preevaluated. An industrytailored method of producing fire-extinguishing powders modified by peat water repellants is suggested. The layout of a test unit for studying the suppression of a standardized fire source is presented. A distinct technique of testing fire-extinguishing powders is developed. Quantitative efficiency values of water-repellant modified fire-extinguishing powders are presented.


peat organic substance water-repellant modifying additives fine grinding fire-extinguishing powder water repellency balling consumption on fire suppression 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    O. S. Misnikov, “Modification of construction materials by additives based on peat,” Vse Mater., Entsikl. Sprav., No. 6, 20–26 (2007).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. E. Rakovskii, General Chemical Technology of Peat (Moscow, 1949) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. E. Rakovskii, F. L. Kaganovich, and E. A. Novichkova, Chemistry of Pyrogenic Processes (AN BSSR, Minsk, 1959) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. S. Misnikov, “Studying the properties of Portland cement modified with water-repellent products based on peat,” Vse Mater., Entsikl. Sprav., No. 8, 35–43 (2013).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. I. Lishtvan, A. A. Terent’ev, E. T. Bazin, and A. A. Golovach Physical and Chemical Bases of Technology for Production of Peat (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1983) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. I. Smol’yaninov and S. G. Maslov, Peat Thermobriquetting (Tomsk, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. N. Baratov and L. P. Vogman, Fire Extinguishing Powder Compositions (Stroiizdat, Moscow, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    I. M. Abduragimov, “Mechanisms of fire-extinguishing action of fire-extinguishers,” Pozharovzryvobezopasnost’, No. 4, 69 (2012).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. I. Khigerovich and V. E. Baier, Hydrophobically Plasticizing Additives for Cements, Solutions, and Concretes (Stroiizdat, Moscow, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    GOST (State Standard) R 53280.4–2009: Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Facilities. Fire-Extinguishing Agents. Part 4: General Purpose Fire-Extinguishing Powder. General Technical Requirements. Test Methods (2009).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. V. Dmitriev, O. S. Misnikov, and V. I. Popov, “Studying the properties of fire-extinguishing agents modified with water-repellent products based on peat,” Pozharovzryvobezopasnost’, No. 5, 81–85 (2013).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. V. Malysheva, “Physical chemistry of adhesive materials,” Materialovedenie, No. 3, 9–14 (2005).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. S. Misnikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. V. Dmitriev
    • 2
  • V. I. Popov
    • 2
  • E. Yu. Chertkova
    • 1
  1. 1.Tver State Technical UniversityTverRussia
  2. 2.Ivanovo Fire and Rescue Academy, State Fire Service, Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil DefenseEmergencies, and Elimination of Consequences of Natural DisastersIvanovoRussia

Personalised recommendations