Advertisement

Inland Water Biology

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 217–225 | Cite as

Blackflies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in eastern Trans-Baikal: Taxonomic composition and physiographic distribution

  • L. V. PetrozhitskayaEmail author
  • P. V. Matafonov
Aquatic Flora and Fauna
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The blackfly fauna and biodiversity of some physiographic regions in eastern Trans-Baikal have been described. The structural characteristics of blackfly communities in the highlands and lowlands in the southern and northern territories of the region have been reported. A regional list of forty seven species in five genera of the Simuliidae family has been produced for the first time. The species distribution in three major river basins, Upper Amur, Lena, and Yenisei, are examined. A comparative cluster analysis of the similarities in species composition between the blackflies in the observed area and the adjacent regions is carried out. The blackfly species composition of the Upper Amur basin is more similar to the population of the Selenga River basin and significantly differs from the fauna in the middle and lower reaches of the Amur River; only three blackfly species typical for the Far East fauna have been indicated.

Keywords

black flies Simuliidae biodiversity community spatial distribution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Atlas Zabaikal’ya (Atlas of Transbaikalia), Moscow: Glavnoe upravlenie geodezii i kartografii pri Sovete Ministrov SSSR, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Balashov, Yu.S., Parazitizm kleshchei i nasekomykh nazemnykh pozvonochnykh (Parasitism of Mites and Insects of Terrestrial Vertebrates), St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2009.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bassein reki Amur v Zabaikal’e v voprosakh i otvetakh (Amur River Basin in Transbaikalia in Questions and Answers), Chita: Ekspress, 2011.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bioraznoobrazie Sokhondinskogo zapovednika. Chlenistonogie (Biodiversity of Sokhondinskii Reserve. Arthropods), Novosibirsk: Sib. tsentr delovykh tekhnologii, 2004.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bobrova, S.I., Glushchenko, N.P., Kukharchuk, L.P., and Mirzaeva, A.G., Bloodsucking Diptera insects in the area of construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline, in Paraziticheskie nasekomye i kleshchi Sibiri (Parasitic Insects and of Siberia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980, pp. 5–71.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boldarueva, L.V., A new black fly species (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Buryatia, Tr. Vses. Entomol. Obshch., 1979, vol. 61: Novye vidy nasekomykh (New species of insects), pp. 179–181.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boldarueva, L.V., A new black fly species of the genus Simulium Latr. (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Buryatia, in Chlenistonogie i gel’minty Sibiri (Novye i maloizvestnye vidy fauny Sibiri) (Arthropods and Helminths of Siberia (New and Poorly Known Species of Siberian Fauna)), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1979, pp. 44–45.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boldarueva, L.V., The ecology of immature phases of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in the middle reaches of the Vitim River, in Paraziticheskie nasekomye i kleshchi Sibiri (Parasitic Insects and Mites of Siberia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980, pp. 82–97.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Boldarueva, L.V., Ecological features of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of the Muya basin, in Paraziticheskie nasekomye i kleshchi Sibiri (Parasitic Insects and Mites of Siberia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980, pp. 72–81.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vorobets, E.I., Black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of plains and foothill regions of Yakutia, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Novosibirsk, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Galgosh, I., Black flies of the Mongolian People’s Republic, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Leningrad, 1989.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gvozdetskii, N.A. and Mikhailov, N.I., Fizicheskaya geografiya SSSR. Aziatskaya chast' (Physical Geography of the USSR. The Asian Part), Moscow: Mysl’, 1970.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Grebel'skii, S.G., Fenologiya razvitiya, sezonnaya dinamika krovososushchikh moshek Eniseisko-Lenskogo mezhdurech’ya, in Sezonnaya i vekovaya dinamika prirody Sibiri (TRANSLATION), Irkutsk: Irkutsk. gos. un-t, 1963, pp. 47–57.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gutsevich, A.V., Materialy po izucheniyu krovososushchikh dvukrylykh nasekomykh (gnusa) v Zabaikal’e, in Tr. Voenno-med. akad. Raboche-Krest’yanskoi Krasnoi Armii im. S (TRANSLATION), Moscow: Kirova, 1939, vol. 19, pp. 35–47.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dariichuk, Z.S. and Kukharchuk, L.P., Blood-sucking black flies of the cis-Selenga steppe (southwestern Transbaikalia), Izv. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1972, no. 5: Ser. Biol. Nauka (Ser. Biol. Sci.), pp. 87–89.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dorogostaiskii, V.Ch., Rubtsov, I.A., and Vlasenko, N.M., Materials for the study of taxonomy, geographical distribution, and biology of black flies (Simuliidae) in Eastern Siberia, Parazitol. Sb. ZIN AN SSSR, 1935, no. 5, pp. 107–204.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Konurbaev, E.O., Ecological classification of stream water bodies of Central Asia and characteristic features of radiation of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in typologically different streams, Entomol. Obozr., 1977, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 736–750.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Konurbaev, E.O., Moshki (Diptera, Simuliidae) Srednei Azii (Black Flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Central Asia), Frunze: Ilim, 1984.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nagor’ya Pribaikal’ya i Zabaikal’ya (Highlands of Cisbaikalia and Transbaikalia), Moscow: Nauka, 1974.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Patrusheva, V.D., Fauna and ecological features of the blood-sucking black flies of Ob, Yenisei, and Lena river basins, in Itogi issledovaniya zhivoi prirody Sibiri (The Results of the Study of Nature of Siberia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1973, pp. 130–150.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Patrusheva, V.D., Moshki Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka (Black Flies of Siberia and the Far East), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1982.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V., Black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of the cis-Yenisei tundra and taiga landscapes, Sib. Biol. Zh., 1993, no. 5, pp. 55–60.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V., New data on the fauna of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Southern Altai (East Kazakhstan), Evraziat. Entomol. Zh., 2012, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 488–492.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V., Spatial and typological characteristics of communities of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Eastern Tuva, Evraziat. Entomol. Zh., 2013, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 506–514.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V. and Rod’kina, V.I., The structure of communities and the spatial distribution of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Abakan River basin waterways, Sib. Ekol. Zh., 2002, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 371–376.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V. and Rod’kina, V.I., Species composition and distribution of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in streams of Southeast Altai, Zool. Zh., 2007, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 831–838.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V. and Rod’kina, V.I., The spatial distribution of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the basin of the Sema mountain river in the North Altai mountain region, Inland Water Biol., 2009, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 33–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Predbaikal'e i Zabaikal’e (Cisbaikalia and Transbaikalia), Moscow: Nauka, 1965.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rubtsov, I.A., The fauna of black flies (Simuliidae) of Transbaikalia, Parazitol. Sb. ZIN AN SSSR, 1939, vol. 7, pp. 193–201.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rubtsov, I.A., Black flies (Family Simuliidae), in Fauna SSSR (Fauna of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1940, vol. 6, no. 6.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rubtsov, I.A., Black flies (Family Simuliidae), in Fauna SSSR (Fauna of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1956, vol. 6, no. 6.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Stukolkina, N.N., Data on the biology of black flies (Simuliidae) of Transbaikalia, Tr. Voenno-Med. Akad. Raboche-Krest’yanskoi Krasnoi Armii im. S. M. Kirova, 1939, vol. 19, pp. 49–60.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tipy mestnosti i prirodnoe raionirovanie Chitinskoi oblasti (Types of Terrain and Natural Zoning of the Chita Oblast), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1961.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chubareva, L.A. and Petrova, N.A., Tsitologicheskie karty politennykh khromosom i nekotorye morfologicheskie osobennosti krovososushchikh moshek Rossii i sopredel’nykh stran (Diptera: Simuliidae): Atlas (Cytological Maps of Polytene Chromosomes and Some Morphological Features of Blood-Sucking Black Flies of Russia and Adjacent Countries (Diptera: Simuliidae): Atlas), St. Petersburg: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2008.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yankovskii, A.V., Two new species of black flies, Hemicnetha tsharae sp. n. and Simulium vershininae sp.n. (Simuliidae) of the Chita oblast (Chara River basin), Parazitologiya, 1982, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 248–253.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yankovskii, A.V., Opredelitel’ moshek (Diptera: Simuliidae) Rossii i sopredele’nykh territorii (byvshego SSSR) (Identification Guide to Black Flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Russia and Adjacent Countries (Former USSR)), St. Petersburg: Zool. Inst. RAN, 2002.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yanygina, L.V., Zoobenthos of the Upper and Middle Ob River basin: the effect of natural and anthropogenic factors, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Vladivostok, 2014.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Adler, P.H. and Crosskey, R.W., World black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): a comprehensive revision of the taxonomic and geographical inventory, 2012. http://entweb.clemson.edu/biomia/pdfs/blackflyinventory. pdf.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Britain, J.E., Castella, E., Rnispel, S., et al., Ephemeropteran and plecopteran communities in glacial rivers, in Res. Update on Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera, Perugia: Univ. Perugia, 2003, pp. 271–277.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Engelmann, H.-D., Zur Dominanzklassifizierung von Bodenarhropoden, Pedobiologia, 1978, vol. 18, pp. 378–380.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Illies, J. and Botosaneanu, L., Problems et methods de la classification et de zonation ecologique des eaux courantes, considerees surtout du point de vue Faunistique, Verh. Int. Ver. theor. und angew Limnol., 1963, vol. 2, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Jansonnet, R., Nilsson, C., and Renofalt, B., Fragmentation of riparian floras in rivers with multiple dams, Ecology, 2000, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 899–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V., Illesova, D.V., Rodkina, V., and Halgos, J., Species composition of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in the transboundary area of the Russian and Mongolian Altai Mts., in Proc. 4 Int. Simuliidae Symp., Ankara, 2010, p. 20.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Petrozhitskaya, L.V., Rodkina, V.I., and Zaika, V.V., Distribution of amphibiotic insects of different trophic groups in mountainous and steppe rivers of Western Tuva, Inland Water Biol., 2010, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 126–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zhang, Y. and Malmqvist, B., Relationships between labral fan morphology and habitat in North Swedish black fly larvae (Diptera: Simuliidae), Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 1996, vol. 59, pp. 261–280.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia

Personalised recommendations