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Discussion about Properties of First Nearest Neighbor Graphs

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In this study we present a benchmark of statistical distributions of the first nearest neighbors in random graphs. We consider distribution of such graphs by the number of disconnected fragments, fragments by the number of involved nodes, and nodes by their degrees. The statements about the asymptotic properties of these distributions for graphs of large dimension are proved. The problem of determining the probability of realization of a certain structure of the first nearest neighbors graph depending on the distribution function of distances between the elements of the studied set is considered. It is shown that, up to isomorphism, the graph of the first nearest neighbors does not depend on the distance distribution. This fact makes it possible to conduct numerical experiments on the construction of basic statistics based on a uniform distribution of distances and obtain tabulated data as a result of numerical modeling. A study has been conducted on the conditional extremum of the probability of realizing the distribution of graph vertices by degrees, which allows us to estimate the proportion of randomness for a particular structure resulting from clustering elements of a certain set by the nearest neighbor method.

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This work was supported by Russian Sciences Foundation, project no. 19-71-30004.

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Correspondence to A. A. Kislitsyn or Yu. N. Orlov.

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(Submitted by A. I. Aptekarev)

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Kislitsyn, A.A., Orlov, Y.N. Discussion about Properties of First Nearest Neighbor Graphs. Lobachevskii J Math 43, 3515–3524 (2022).

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