Advertisement

Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1017–1023 | Cite as

Vertical Velocities and Temperature of the Neutral Component in the Upper Atmosphere

  • N. V. Bakhmet’eva
  • V. N. Bubukina
  • V. D. Vyakhirev
  • G. I. Grigor’ev
  • E. E. Kalinina
  • A. V. TolmachevaEmail author
Chemical Physics of Atmospheric Phenomena

Abstract

Results of measurements of the velocity of the vertical plasma motion and the temperature of the neutral component in the upper atmosphere and comparison of variations in these parameters have been described. The measurements have been carried out by the resonance scattering of radio waves by artificial periodic irregularities in the ionospheric plasma. The irregularities arise when the ionosphere is modificated by a powerful high-frequency radio emission from a Sura midlatitude heating facility. Comparison has been conducted using experimental data on altitude- and time-dependent variations in the above parameters obtained in experiments of 2010 and 2014. It has been shown that, above 100 km, wavelike variations in temperature and velocity are commonly observed simultaneously. In the absence of wavelike variations, there is a tendency to an increase in temperature with an increase in the velocity of the vertical plasma motion regardless of direction. This tendency can be attributed to thermal flows directed upward from the turbulent region of the ionosphere.

Keywords

upper atmosphere artificial periodic irregularities temperature vertical motion velocity turbulent diffusion thermal flow internal gravity waves convective instability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Weinstock, J. Atmos. Sci. 44, 410 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. C. Fritts, B. P. Williams, B. P. She, et al., Geophys. Rev. Lett. 31, L24S06 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Z. Liu and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. 110, D09S13 (2005).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Szewczyk, B. Strelnikov, M. Rapp, et al., Ann. Geophys. 31, 775 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Sarkel, Shikha Raizada, J. D. Mathews, et al., Geophys. Res. 117, A10301 (2012).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. A. Benediktov, V. V. Belikovich, A. V. Tolmacheva, and N. V. Bakhmet’eva, Ionospheric Research by Means of Artificial Periodic Irregularaties (Copernicus GmbH, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany 2002).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. V. Belikovich, E. A. Benediktov, N. P. Goncharov, and A. V. Tolmacheva, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 59, 2447 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. V. Bakhmet’eva, V. V. Belikovich, E. A. Benediktov, et al., Radio Sci. 33, 583 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. A. Benediktov, V. V. Belikovich, N. V. Bakhmet’eva, et al., Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 45 (3), 375 (2002).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. V. Bakhmet’eva, G. I. Grigor’ev, and A. V. Tolmacheva, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 53 (11), 695 (2010).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. V. Bakhmet’eva, V. V. Belikovich, M. N. Egerev, and A. V. Tolmacheva, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz., No. 3, 77.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. V. Tolmacheva, G. I. Grigoriev, and N. V. Bakhmet’eva, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 7, 663 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. V. Tolmacheva, N. V. Bakhmetieva, G. I. Grigoriev, et al., Adv. Space Res. 56, 1185 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    E. P. Chunguzov, Fiz. Atmosf. Okeana 12, 762 (1976).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. S. Gardner, Y. Zhao, and A. Z. Liu, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 64, 923 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. N. Vlasov and M. C. Kelley, Ann. Geophys. 33, 857 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    N. V. Bakhmet’eva, G. I. Grigor’ev, A. V. Tolmacheva, E. E. Kalinina, and M. N. Egerev, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 60 (2), 103 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Bakhmet’eva
    • 1
  • V. N. Bubukina
    • 1
  • V. D. Vyakhirev
    • 1
  • G. I. Grigor’ev
    • 1
  • E. E. Kalinina
    • 1
  • A. V. Tolmacheva
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Radiophysical Research InstituteLobachevsky State UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations