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Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 587–593 | Cite as

Effect of a preliminary physicochemical treatment of bituminous crusts resulting from oil pollution on the bioremediation of upland swamps with oil decomposers

  • S. N. GaydamakaEmail author
  • V. P. Murygina
  • M. A. Gladchenko
Chemical Physics of Ecological Processes
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Physicochemical preprocessing of a bituminous crust resulting from oil pollution by various reagents capable of hydrolyzing its structure, followed by aerobic degradation of hydrocarbons (HC) with the Rhoder bacterial oil-degrading preparation, was carried out. The crust was hydrolyzed with hydrogen dioxide, calcium hydroxide, and alkaline hydrolysate of crop production waste in concentrations from 2 to 20%. The best results in the destruction of the bituminous crust were obtained for processing the upper layer (0−2 cm) of the soil with calcium hydroxide, which resulted in an increase of the humidity of the hydrolyzed layer from 24 to 77%. The destruction of the bituminous crust with chemical agents made it possible to increase the effectiveness of biodegradation of HC from 9.97 to 26.40% in the upper soil layer and from 0.00 to 48.20% in the bottom soil layer. The kinetic characteristics of biodegradation after preprocessing, namely the rate constants of degradation and half-lives of HC were determined, the maximum values of which were found to be 0.015 day−1 and 47 days and 0.032 day−1 and 22 days for the upper and bottom soil layers, respectively.

Keywords

swamp oil bituminous crust bioremediation microorganisms oil-degrading preparation 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Gaydamaka
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. P. Murygina
    • 1
  • M. A. Gladchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EnzymologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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