Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 195–198

Potassium sulfate forms a spiral structure when dissolved in solution

Macrokinetics of Complex Physicochemical Phenomena

DOI: 10.1134/S1990793117010328

Cite this article as:
Thomas, S. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B (2017) 11: 195. doi:10.1134/S1990793117010328


Studies on the formation of spiral structures are always of interest to researchers. When potassium sulfate is heated in water and subjected to swirling in a beaker, the crystals formed a multi-arm spiral structure when allowed to settle. The spiral structure was either clockwise or anti-clockwise depending on the rotation of the swirl. The spiral formation requires heat to maintain integrity of the structure. The multi-arm spiral structure of potassium sulfate was stable if left undisturbed at room temperature.


spiral structure potassium sulfate spiral arm heating 

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lankenau Institute for Medical ResearchWynnewoodUSA

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