Impregnation of polymers with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-oxo-piperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPONE) paramagnetic probe in sub- and supercritical CO2
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The spin probe method is used to study the impregnation of polycarbonate (PC) based on bisphenol A, polyethylene oxide (PEO), and crosslinked acrylamide–acrylic acid copolymer (PAA) with organic molecules in sub- and supercritical CO2 media. Electron spin resonance (EPR) data show that, at 196 bar and 307 K, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-oxo-piperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPONE) paramagnetic spin probe molecules penetrate into the PC and PEO matrices, which are, respectively, in the glassy and elastic states under normal conditions. The degree of impregnation of PAA under these conditions is negligibly small. Estimates of the local concentration of probe molecules show that, in the PEO matrix, TEMPONE is distributed much more uniformly than in the PC matrix. Analysis of the effect of temperature on the shape of the EPR spectra of the radical in the polymer matrix shows that, under the same conditions, the mobility of TEMPONE molecules in the PEO matrix is much higher than in the PC matrix. The results suggest that the spin probe method is promising for studying the characteristics of macro- and micro-processes in polymer–supercritical fluid solvent–organic molecule ternary systems.
Keywordssupercritical CO2 polymers impregnation spin probe method
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