Determination of natural aromatic acids using supercritical fluid chromatography
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Derivatives of benzoic and cinnamic acids are secondary metabolites of plants, widely distributed in nature and possessing biological activity. Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) is shown to provide a high performance separation of nine most important representatives of this class of compounds with selectivity, dramatically different from the reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The retention and chromatographic separation parameters of analytes for four stationary phases of different nature are compared and the effect of supercritical fluid parameters and the composition of the mobile phase onto the chromatographic separation are analyzed. The optimal separation is found to be achieved when using a silica-based sorbent with 2-ethylpyridinium linked groups. The proposed approach for determination of the above-mentioned compounds is based on the combination of chromatographic separation with multiwavelength spectrophotometric detection and provides the detection limits in the range of 13.0–51.3 μg/L and the analysis duration about 2.5 min. The approach is successfully tested on real objects, such as different kinds of wine.
Keywordssupercritical fluid chromatography SCF natural aromatic acids
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