Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 416–424 | Cite as

The structure, properties, and thermal destruction of biodegradable blends of cellulose and ethylcellulose with synthetic polymers

  • S. Z. Rogovina
  • S. M. Lomakin
  • K. V. Aleksanyan
  • E. V. PrutEmail author
Chemical Physics of Polymer Materials


Powder blends of low-density polyethylene with cellulose and ethylcellulose were obtained under high-temperature shear deformation conditions in a rotor disperser at various initial reagent ratios. The composition of powder fractions was shown to be identical to the initial blend composition, which was evidence that the compositions obtained were homogeneous. Comparative studies of the structure of the initial and produced powder blends and mechanical characteristics of films obtained from them were determined by the X-ray method. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to study thermal destruction of individual polymers and their compositions. The effective kinetic parameters were calculated and used to suggest a model of diffusion-controlled polymer decomposition. The addition of polyethylene oxide was found to increase biodegradability of compositions based on cellulose. It therefore contributed to broadening of the applicability range of materials based on them.


cellulose ethylcellulose polyethylene mixing thermal destruction biodegradability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. V. Vlasov and V. V. Ol’khov, Polimer. Mater., No. 7, 23 (2006).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. V. Prut, Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 36, 601 (1994).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. H. Bamford and C. F. H. Tipper, in Degradation of Polymers, Eds. by C. H. Bamford and C. F. H. Tipper (Elsevier, Amsterdam, Oxford, New York, 1975), p. 33.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Paabo and B. C. Levin, Fire Mater. 11, 55 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. P. Lattimer, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolys. 31, 203 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Kuroki, T. Sawaguchi, S. Niikuni, and T. Ikemura, Macromolecules 15, 1460 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Kiran and J. K. Gillham, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 4, 931 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. L. Poutsma, Macromolecules 36, 8931 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    U. Hornung, A. Hornung, and H. Bockhorn, Chem. Eng. Tech. 21, 332 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Bockhorn, A. Hornung, U. Hornung, and D. Schawaller, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolys. 48, 93 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Bockhorn, A. Hornung, and U. Hornung, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolys. 50, 77 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. L. Beyler and M. M. Hirschler, in SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Ed. by Ph. J. DiNenno (National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, 2002), p. 1.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. J. Boon, I. Pastorova, R. E. Botto, and P. W. Arisz, Biomass Bioenergy 7, 25 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. C. Moldoveanu, in Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, Ed. by S. C. Moldoveanu (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1998), p. 217.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Pielichowski and J. Njuguna, in Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Ed. by K. Pielichowski and Njuguna J. Shawbury (Rapra Technology, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, 2005), p. 133.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Jakab, G. Varhegyi, and O. Faix, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolys. 56, 273 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. M. Lomakin, I. L. Dubnikova, S. M. Berezina, and G. E. Zaikov, Polym. Int. 54, 999 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. M. Lomakin, L. A. Novokshonova, P. N. Brevnov, and A. N. Shchegolikhin, J. Mater. Sci. 43, 1340 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Z. Rogovina
    • 1
  • S. M. Lomakin
    • 2
  • K. V. Aleksanyan
    • 1
  • E. V. Prut
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Semenov Institute of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Emanuel Institute of Biochemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations