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Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Volume

Abstract

We review observational data about a sample of Local Volume objects containing about 1000 galaxies within 11 Mpc of the Milky Way. Dwarf galaxies with stellar masses M/Mʘ < 9 dexmake up 5/6 of the sample. Almost 40% of them have their distances measured with high precision using the Hubble Space Telescope. Currently, the LV is the most representative and least selection-affected sample of dwarf galaxies suitable for testing the standard ΛCDM paradigm at the shortest cosmological scales. We discuss the HII properties of dwarf galaxies in different environments and the star formation rates in these systems as determined from FUV- and Hα-survey data. We also pay certain attention to the baryonic Tully–Fisher relation for low-mass dwarf galaxies. We also point out that LV dwarfs are important “tracers” for determining the total masses of nearby groups and the nearest Virgo cluster.

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the staff members of the Laboratory of Extragalactic Astrophysics and Cosmology of the Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences S. S. Kaisin, O. G. Kashibadze, G. G. Korotkova, D. I. Makarov, L. N. Makarova, M. E. Sharina, and V. E. Karachentseva for their long-continued assistance in performing this work.

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Correspondence to I. D. Karachentsev.

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Russian Text © The Author(s), 2019, published in Astrofizicheskii Byulleten’, 2019, Vol. 74, No. 2, pp. 119–137.

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Karachentsev, I.D., Kaisina, E.I. Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Volume. Astrophys. Bull. 74, 111–127 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1990341319020019

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Key words

  • galaxies
  • formation—galaxies
  • dwarf—galaxies
  • star formation—galaxies
  • dark matter—surveys