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Defining the Socio-Economic Impact and Gravitation Cluster Area of the State Ranked Strategical Central Cities That Play a Leading Role in Mongolia Development

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Sustainable Development Goal 11, titled “sustainable cities and communities” has a target (11a), which is Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning. In this sense, the city is a key factor in creating sustainable development. At a time when urbanization is accelerating with rapid population growth, the social and economic role of urban areas is likely to increase and urban boundaries are expanding. In order to accelerate the development of modern urban areas, the urban cluster method is widely used to plan and develop large cities and their satellite cities, villages and settlements together. The purpose of our study is to identify the socio-economic impact and gravitation cluster area of the State ranked Strategical Central cities (Darkhan, Khovd, Choibalsan, and Dalanzadgad) and to support the development of urban, semi-urban and rural areas in a coordinated manner. According to John Friedman, based on the theory that urban field have a radius of up to 100 km, a radius of 100 km was drawn from the four city centers, after which the real socio-economic impact-gravity framework was determined based on three main indicators: Reilly’s law of retail gravitation, road classification and ecological barriers. By correctly defining the scope of socio-economic impact of these State ranked Strategical Central cities, it is possible to increase the development of neighboring localities, indirectly affect the territory outside the cluster area, and become a large complex with health, education, culture and industrial hubs.

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This research was supported by “Geographical characteristics of the formation of the framework of the economy, settlement pattern and nature management in Russia (Siberia) and Mongolia in conditions of the landlocked location and an enhancement of Eurasian integration processes” 2021–2023 joint project of Institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences and V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography, Siberian branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. I would like to express my deep gratitude to two leaders of project and our colleagues for supporting this study with precious advice, research data and environment.

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Correspondence to P. Tseyenkhand.

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Tseyenkhand, P., Altanbagana, M. & Bezrukov, L.A. Defining the Socio-Economic Impact and Gravitation Cluster Area of the State Ranked Strategical Central Cities That Play a Leading Role in Mongolia Development. Geogr. Nat. Resour. 43 (Suppl 1), S103–S108 (2022).

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  • urban cluster
  • state ranked strategical cities
  • regional development
  • strategic center
  • gravitation