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Assessment of Indicators of Solar and Wind Energy Potential of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)


The potential of renewable energy sources varies over time and significantly depends on natural, climatic, and regional characteristics. This article evaluates a wide group of indicators of the potential of wind and solar energy in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) at 47 points to determine the most promising areas for wind power plants (WPPs) and solar power plants (SPPs). The characterization of the wind energy potential is carried out in two stages. At the first stage, a preliminary analysis of the territory is conducted according to the measurements of weather stations for 2018–2020. On the territory of the republic, the average wind speed for this period ranges from 2.8 to 6.1 m/s at a height of 10 m. The greatest wind energy potential is typical for the northern regions. At the second stage, a full set of indicators of wind energy potential for the ten most promising areas is evaluated according to ground-based measurements for 2006–2020. The highest indicators of wind energy potential are typical for points located in close proximity to the coast: Anabar, Ust-Olenek, Stolb Island, and Ambarchik Bay. Most of the criteria and signs of high wind energy potential are met in these areas. The assessment of solar energy potential indicators was carried out for 47 sites based on estimates from the CERES SYN1deg satellite observation database for 1984–2020. To characterize the solar energy potential, three indicators were used: the annual flux of total solar radiation to a horizontal surface, the annual flux of total solar radiation on a surface inclined at an angle of latitude, and the utilization factor of the installed capacity of photovoltaic converters. The receipt of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface is from 784 to 1128 kWh/m2/year. The greatest solar energy potential is observed in the southeastern part of the republic.

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This work was carried out under State Assignment Project no. FWEU-2021-0004 of the program of fundamental research of the Russian Federation for 2021–2030 using the resources of the High-Temperature Circuit Multi-Access Research Center (Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, project no 13.CKP.21.0038).

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Correspondence to B. G. Saneev, I. Yu. Ivanova or V. A. Shakirov.

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Saneev, B.G., Ivanova, I.Y. & Shakirov, V.A. Assessment of Indicators of Solar and Wind Energy Potential of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Geogr. Nat. Resour. 43 (Suppl 1), S74–S79 (2022).

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  • wind energy
  • solar energy
  • ground-based measurements
  • satellite observation data
  • potential of renewable energy sources