The formation and development of any individual settlement is influenced by a combination of interrelated, historical, socioeconomic, scientific, technological, and geographical factors. The latter include combinations of natural and climatic features, natural resource potentials of land and sea, features of the formation of a settlement network in areas, economic and geographical position, etc. The overall goal of the development of any settlement is to increase the level and quality of life of the population on the basis of sustainable socioeconomic development. To achieve sustainable development of the settlement, it is necessary to analyze the spatial and functional structure of the settlement at two levels: the settlement with its aquaterritorial environment and the mesoregion at the level of a subject of the Russian Federation. The features of geographical factors in the development of coastal settlements are highlighted, including their access to marine natural resources and maritime transport. A generalized assessment of the coastal settlements of Pacific Russia, their location in various natural-geographical and socioeconomic zones, the role of natural resource potential, and the size of economic centers and their specialization is given. Settlements (economic centers) located in the northern and southern zones of socioeconomic development of Pacific Russia are identified. The features of their economic structure according to types of economic activity, due to the presence of a combination of favorable and negative socioeconomic and geographical factors, are noted. In coastal settlements, the importance of creating special environmental protection organizations that are part of the regional system of environmental and resource monitoring is noted; this should ensure the high ecological quality of the marine environment adjacent to the settlement.
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This work was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (The Potential of Coastal Settlements for Long-Term Development: The Content and Methods of Assessment (Using the Example of Pacific Russia), project no. 22-17-00186).
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Baklanov, P.Y., Moshkov, A.V. & Ushakov, E.A. Geographic Factors in the Sustainable Development of the Primorsky Settlements of Pacific Russia. Geogr. Nat. Resour. 43 (Suppl 1), S1–S8 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1134/S187537282205002X
- geographical factors
- natural and climatic conditions
- geographical location
- resource potential
- territorial structures of the economy
- sustainable development
- Pacific Russia