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Russian Journal of Pacific Geology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 81–92 | Cite as

Hydrocarbon Potential of Paleo- and Modern Suprasubduction Provinces: Tectonic, Geodynamic, Mineralogical-Geochemical, and Biochemical Aspects

  • Yu. N. Raznitsin
  • G. N. Savelieva
  • M. A. Fedonkin
Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the integrated analysis of the interdisciplinary problem of the genesis of hydrocarbon potential in suprasubduction provinces. A geodynamic model is proposed for the formation of petroleum pools on the shelves of the Meso-Cenozoic back-arc basins in the western Pacific Ocean. Original data on the tectonics and composition of the mantle peridotites of the Polar Ural ophiolite complexes are given for comparison. These data are used to consider the low-temperature lizardite–chrysotile and high-temperature antigorite types of peridotite serpentinization in the back-arc basins and in the mantle wedges above the subduction zones of the paleozoic Paleouralian ocean. It is established that these processes are responsible for the abiogenic synthesis of hydrogen and methane. Of great theoretical and applied importance are the conclusions concerning the high antiquity of serpentinization as a hydrogen source, the possible relationships of the origin of life and its early evolution with hydrogen emission in the benthal, the predominance of chemoautotrophic prokaryotes with hydrogen exchange among the primary producers of organic matter in anaerobic conditions, and the high probability of naphthidogenesis based on the prokaryotic communities in the Archean and Proterozoic. The origin of hydrocarbons in the framework of the considered model is regarded from a viewpoint of a polygenetic paradigm of oil and gas generation.

Keywords

serpentinization peridotites abiogenic hydrocarbons ophiolites backarc basins suprasubduction setting shelf ocean oceanic lithosphere 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. N. Raznitsin
    • 1
  • G. N. Savelieva
    • 1
  • M. A. Fedonkin
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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