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Russian Journal of Pacific Geology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 135–150 | Cite as

The Problems of Seismic Risk Prediction for the Territory of the Lower Amur Region: Paleoseismogeological and Seismological Analysis

  • A. N. Ovsyuchenko
  • S. V. Trofimenko
  • S. S. Novikov
  • A. N. Didenko
  • V. S. Imaev
Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

The studied region is located at the junction between the Pacific and Central Asian seismoactive belts. Macroseismic data on earthquakes of this region are available for the last 150 years, while instrumental seismological observations began in the mid-20th century; however, the recurrence interval of strong earthquakes can be up to several centuries and even thousands of years. In this respect, many areas of the Amur region had been believed to be nearly aseismic until earthquakes occurred there. Paleoseismogeological studies of recent years have allowed the character of Holocene displacements to be estimated for some of the main regional structures. As a result, the main tendencies of the Late Quaternary geological evolution of the region remain uncertain and the potential seismogenerating structures are not completely known. Therefore the problem of revealing new zones and periods of seismic activity is topical for the entire Amur region. The importance of this problem is related to the weak degree of study of the region by contemporary methods of active tectonics, the intensive development of engineering infrastructure, which is vulnerable to seismic impacts, and the necessity of long-term seismic forecasting. The present work provides the results of paleoseismogeological studies of the active faults in the Amur region. On the basis of new data on the magnitude potential of seismogenerating structures based on the magnitudes of historical earthquakes and instrumentally recorded ones, we have estimated the seismic effects from strong deep-focus earthquakes and the attenuation coefficients and calculated radii of the first three isoseismals for crustal earthquakes. By using the methods of statistical modeling, we distinguish the periods when seismic effects increased from earthquakes with 2 ≤ M ≤ 6. It is shown that seismic hazard assessment should take into account the dynamics of the seismic regime, caused by the change of the earthquake source depth. It is found that the epicenters of earthquakes with 5 ≤ M ≤ 6 form non-crossing seismic zones in different phases of changes in the Earth’s annual rotation.

Keywords

earthquakes models of seismicity active faults paleoseismogeological investigations seismic hazard Amur region Russian Far East 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Ovsyuchenko
    • 1
  • S. V. Trofimenko
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. S. Novikov
    • 1
  • A. N. Didenko
    • 2
    • 5
  • V. S. Imaev
    • 4
  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Kosygin Institute of Tectonics and GeophysicsFar East Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesKhabarovskRussia
  3. 3.Northeastern Federal UniversityYakutskRussia
  4. 4.Diamond and Precious Metal Geology InstituteSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesYakutskRussia
  5. 5.Pacific State UniversityKhabarovskRussia

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