Fiber-Forming Acrylonitrile Copolymers: From Synthesis to Properties of Carbon Fiber Precursors and Prospects for Industrial Production

Abstract

The latest achievements in the field of synthesis of acrylonitrile copolymers are summarized. New ecofriendly methods of synthesizing acrylonitrile copolymers in ionic liquids and supercritical media are analyzed. The potential of various techniques of controlled radical and anionic polymerizations in tailoring the structure and properties of acrylonitrile copolymers is discussed. Methods for the synthesis of acrylonitrile copolymers, which may be used for the melt spinning of fibers, are considered. A patent search is conducted, and information relevant to new methods and recipes for the synthesis of acrylonitrile copolymers is generalized.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    In the domestic literature, the terms pseudoliving, quasi-living, living, and controlled polymerization have been used to date.

  2. 2.

    These materials referred to phase change materials can store and release latent heat during phase transitions in a certain temperature interval.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 18-29-17004-mk).

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Correspondence to E. V. Chernikova.

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Translated by T. Soboleva

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Chernikova, E.V., Toms, R.V., Gervald, A.Y. et al. Fiber-Forming Acrylonitrile Copolymers: From Synthesis to Properties of Carbon Fiber Precursors and Prospects for Industrial Production. Polym. Sci. Ser. C 62, 17–50 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1811238220010026

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