Skip to main content

Experimental Investigation and Performance Evaluation of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector for Hot Water Generation

Abstract

The parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC) is one of the most established solar concentrated systems in the solar thermal applications worldwide. The current paper presents experimental results on a PTSC designed and tested under Hungarian weather conditions in October and November 2020 regarding generation of hot water. The PTSC was made of aluminum sheet of parabolic shape to reflect and concentrate solar radiation into an absorber tube located at the focus point. The absorber tube was made of copper or stainless steel with diameters of 12 and 10 mm, respectively, with and without a glass cover tube. The efficiency of the PTSC was investigated depending on the time of the day at four flow rates under various conditions. The experimental results show that the copper tube coupled with the glass cover worked well at a mass flow rate of 0.0035 kg/s. Furthermore, the glass cover reduced the heat loss, and the performance of the PTSC was enhanced through improvement of the greenhouse effect between the glass and tube.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Sandá, A., Moya, S.L., and Valenzuela, L., Modelling and Simulation Tools for Direct Steam Generation in Parabolic-Trough Solar Collectors: A Review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 2019, vol. 113, p. 109226.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Al-Oran, O., Lezsovits, F., and Aljawabrah, A., Exergy and Energy Amelioration for Parabolic Trough Collector Using Mono and Hybrid Nanofluids, J. Thermal An. Calorim., 2020, pp. 1–18.

  3. 3

    Al-Rabeeah, A.Y., Seres, I., and Farkas, I., Recent Improvements of the Optical and Thermal Performance of the Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Systems, Facta Univ., Ser.: Mech. Engin., 2021; https://doi.org/10.22190/FUME201106030A.

  4. 4

    Al-Oran, O. and Lezsovits, F., Recent Experimental Enhancement Techniques Applied in the Receiver Part of the Parabolic Trough Collector–A Review, Int. Rev. Appl. Sci. Engin., 2020, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 209–219.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Manikandan, G.K., Iniyan, S., and Goic, R., Enhancing the Optical and Thermal Efficiency of a Parabolic Trough Collector–A Review, Appl. Energy, 2019, vol. 235, pp. 1524–1540.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Bellos, E., Korres, D., Tzivanidis, C., and Antonopoulos, K.A., Design, Simulation and Optimization of a Compound Parabolic Collector, Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, 2016, vol. 16, pp. 53–63.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Fuqiang, W., Jianyu, T., Lanxin, M., and Chengchao, W., Effects of Glass Cover on Heat flux Distribution for Tube Receiver with Parabolic Trough Collector System, Energy Convers. Manag., 2015, vol. 90, pp. 47–52.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Hermoso, J.L.N. and Sanz, N.M., Receiver Tube Performance Depending on Cleaning Methods, Energy Procedia, 2015, vol. 69, pp. 1529–1539.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Chafie, M., Aissa, M.F. Ben, Bouadila, S., Balghouthi, M., et al., Experimental Investigation of Parabolic Trough Collector System under Tunisian Climate: Design, Manufacturing and Performance Assessment, Appl. Thermal Engin., 2016, vol. 101, pp. 273–283.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Benoit, H., Spreafico, L., Gauthier, D., and Flamant, G., Review of Heat Transfer Fluids in Tube-Receivers Used in Concentrating Solar Thermal Systems: Properties and Heat Transfer Coefficients, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 2016, vol. 55, pp. 298–315.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Montes, I.E.P., Benitez, A.M., Chavez, O.M., and Herrera, A.E.L., Design and Construction of a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector for Process Heat Production, Energy Procedia, 2014, vol. 57, pp. 2149–2158.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Fernández-Garcı́a, A., Zarza, E., Valenzuela, L. and Pérez, M., Parabolic-Trough Solar Collectors and Their Applications, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 2010, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1695–1721.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Zou, B., Dong, J., Yao, Y., and Jiang, Y., A Detailed Study on the Optical Performance of Parabolic Trough Solar Collectors with Monte Carlo Ray Tracing Method Based on Theoretical Analysis, Solar Energy, 2017, vol. 147, pp. 189–201.

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Cengel, Y.A. and Ghajar, A.J., Heat and Mass Transfer (A Practical Approach, SI Version), McGraw-700 Hill Education, 2011, vol. 701, p. 52.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Guo, J., Huai, X., and Liu, Z., Performance Investigation of Parabolic Trough Solar Receiver, Appl. Thermal Engin., 2016, vol. 95, pp. 357–364.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Jamali, H., Analyses of Absorber Tube of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector (PTSC) Based on Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Fluid, Int. Energy J., 2016, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 73–86.

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Jamali, H., Optimization of Thermal Efficiency of a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector (PTSC) Based on New Materials Application for the Absorber Tube Selective Coating and Glass Cover, J. Appl. Res. Technol., 2018, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 384–393.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Kasaeian, A., Daviran, S., Azarian, R.D., and Rashidi, A., Performance Evaluation and Nanofluid Using Capability Study of a Solar Parabolic Trough Collector, Energy Convers. Manag., 2015, vol. 89, pp. 368–375.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Selvakumar, P., Somasundaram, P., and Thangavel, P., Performance Study on Evacuated Tube Solar Collector Using Therminol D-12 as Heat Transfer Fluid Coupled with Parabolic Trough, Energy Convers. Manag., 2014, vol. 85, pp. 505–510.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Tzivanidis, C., Bellos, E., Korres, D., Antonopoulos, K.A., and Mitsopoulos, G., Thermal and Optical Efficiency Investigation of a Parabolic Trough Collector, Case Stud. Thermal Engin., 2015, vol. 6, pp. 226–237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21

    Arasu, A.V. and Sornakumar, S.T., Performance Characteristics of the Solar Parabolic Trough Collector with Hot Water Generation System, Thermal Sci., 2006,10, no. 2, pp. 167–174.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. Y. Al-Rabeeah.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Al-Rabeeah, A.Y., Seres, I. & Farkas, I. Experimental Investigation and Performance Evaluation of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector for Hot Water Generation. J. Engin. Thermophys. 30, 420–432 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1810232821030073

Download citation