Miniature fiber optic sensors were used for detection of initial boiling-up of uniformly superheated liquid in the capillary of a bubble chamber. The possibility of local boiling-up activation by a laser pulse at a single-mode fiber end with a diameter of 9 \(\mu\)m was shown. The object of the study was \(n\)-pentane superheated at 82 K with respect to the liquid-vapor equilibrium temperature at atmospheric pressure. The control sensor recorded a signal similar to that of spontaneous macroscopic boiling-up. The activation threshold value for the radiation intensity at the end of the fiber was found. This value varies for different fibers. The minimum pulse energy required for activation was 6 nJ, which was insufficient for triggering of the thermal activation mechanism. An assumption is made about the mechanical effect of laser pulse on the fiber-liquid interface.
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Gurashkin, A.L., Starostin, A.A. & Skripov, P.V. Spontaneous Boiling-Up Onset: Activation Effect of Laser Pulses. J. Engin. Thermophys. 30, 51–57 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1810232821010057