Skip to main content

Disintegration of metastable liquid during electrical explosion of aluminum foil


The mechanisms of disintegration of a metal melt formed during electrical explosion of aluminum foils are experimentally and theoretically investigated. The experiments were carried out on an experimental setup consisting of two current generators, one of them provided microwire explosion, while the other, an x-pinch radiograph, was used for diagnostics. In the experiments, the upper time limit of disintegration of metastable state of exploding aluminum foil was determined. For the metastable state of aluminum at internal energy of 3.5–4.5 kJ/g the calculated nucleation velocity exceeds 1014 cm−3 · s−1 and the critical nucleation energy is 9 ± 0.3 eV.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Skripov, V.P., Metastabilnaya zhidkost’ (Metastable Liquid), Moscow: Nauka, 1972.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kuznetsov, V.V., Oreshkin, V.I., Zhigalin, A.S., Kozulin, I.A, Chaikovsky, S.A., and Rousskikh, A.G., Metastable States and Their Disintegration at Pulse Liquid Heating and Electrical Explosion of Conductors, J. Eng. Therm., 2011, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 240–248.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Kuksin, A.Yu., Norman, G.E., and Stegailov, V.V., Phase Diagramand Spinodal Disintegration of Metastable States of the Lennard-Jones System, Teplofiz. Vysok. Temp., 2007, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 43–55.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Mesyats, G.A. and Proskurovskii, D.I., Explosion Emission of Electrons from Metal Micropoints, Pis’ma ZhETF, 1971, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 7–10.

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Vorobyev, V.S., Malyshenko, S.P., and Tkachenko, S.I., Nucleation Mechanism of Explosion Disintegration of Wires with a High Energy Density, Teplofiz. Vysok. Temp., 2005, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 905–918.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Sedoy, V.S., Mesyats, G.A., Oreshkin, V.I., Valevich, V.V., and Chemesova, L.I., The Current Density and the Specific Energy Input in Fast Electrical Explosion, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 1999, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 845–850.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Stygar, W. et al., X-RayEmission from Z Pinches at 107 A: Current Scaling, Gap Closure, and Shot-to-Shot Fluctuations, Phys. Rev. E, 2004, vol. 69, p. 046403.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Grabovsky, E.V. et al., X-Ray Backlighting of the Periphery of an Imploding Multiwire Array in the Angara-5-1 Facility, Plasma Phys. Rep, 2004, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 139–146.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Sinars, D.B., Min, H., Chandler, K.M., et al., Experiments Measuring the Initial Energy Deposition, Expansion Rates and Morphology of Exploding Wires with about 1 KA/Wire, Phys. Plasmas, 2001, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 216.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Rousskikh, A.G., Oreshkin, V.I., Zhigalin, A.S., Beilis, I.I., and Baksht, R.B., Expansion of the Plasma Corona from a Wire Exploded in Vacuum, Phys. Plasmas, 2010, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 033505.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Sarkisov, G.S. et al., Polarity Effect for Exploding Wires in a Vacuum, Phys. Rev. E, 2002, vol. 66, p. 046413.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Rousskikh, A.G., Oreshkin, V.I., Chaikovsky, S.A., Labetskaya, N.A., Shishlov, A.V., Beilis, I.I., and Baksht, R.B., Study of the Strata Formation during the Explosion of a Wire in Vacuum, Phys. Plasmas, 2008, vol. 15, p. 102706.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Oreshkin, V.I., Rousskikh, A.G., Chaikovsky, S.A., and Oreshkin, E.V., Investigation of the Transport Properties of Metals in the Biphase Region, Phys. Plasmas, 2010, vol. 17, no. 7, p. 072703.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Ratakhin, N.A., Fedushchak, V.F., Erfort, A.A., Zharova, N.V., Zhidkova, N.A., Chaikovsky, S.A., and Oreshkin, V.I., Compact Impulse Generator for X-Ray Source Power Supply, Izv. Vuzov, Fiz., 2007, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 87–92.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Beilis, I.I., Baksht, R.B., Oreshkin, V.I., Rousskikh, A.G., Chaikovsky, S.A., Labetsky, A.Yu., Ratakhin, N.A., and Shishlov, A.V., Discharge Phenomena Associated with a Preheated Wire Explosion in Vacuum: Theory and Comparison with Experiment, Phys. Plasmas, 2008, vol. 15, p. 013501.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Oreshkin, V.I., Chaykovsky, S.A., Ratakhin, N.I., Grinenko, A., and Krasik, Ya.E., “Water Bath” Effect during the Electrical Underwater Wire Explosion, Phys. Plasmas, 2007, vol. 14, p. 102703.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Lomonosov, I.V., Fortov, V.E., Frolova, A.A., Khishchenko, K.V., Charakhchyan, A.A., and Shurshalov, L.V., Numerical Investigation of Shock Compression of Graphite and Its Transformations to Diamond in Conical Targets, ZhTF, 2003, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 66–75.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Desjarlais, M.P., Practical Improvements to the Lee-More Conductivity near the Metal-Insulator Transition, Plasma Phys., 2001, vol. 41, nos. 2/3, p. 267.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Lee, Y.T. and More, R.M., An Electron Conductivity Model for Dense Plasmas, Phys. Fluids, 1984, vol. 27, p. 1273.

    ADS  Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Burtsev, V.A., Kalinin, N.V., and Luchinskii, A.V., Elektricheskii vzryv i ego primenenie v elektrofizicheskikh ustanovkakh (Electrical Explosion of Wires with Applications in Electrophysical Setups), Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Menzel, D.H., Fundamental Formulas of Physics, New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955.

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Grigoryev, I.S. and Melikhov, E.Z., Fizicheskie velichiny (Physical Quantities), Reference Book, Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Nakoryakov, V.E., Pokusaev, B.G., and Shreiber, I.R., Wave Propagation in Gas-Liquid Media, CRC Press, 1993.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. I. Oreshkin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Oreshkin, V.I., Zhigalin, A.S., Rousskikh, A.G. et al. Disintegration of metastable liquid during electrical explosion of aluminum foil. J. Engin. Thermophys. 22, 288–297 (2013).

Download citation


  • Metastable State
  • Electrical Explosion
  • Circuit Section
  • Engineering THERMOPHYSICS