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Numerical procedures for natural gas accurate thermodynamic properties calculation

Abstract

Natural gas (NG) is a mixture of 21 elements and widely used in the industries and domestics. Knowledge of its thermodynamic properties is essential for designing appropriate process and equipments. In this study, the detailed numerical procedures for computing most thermodynamic properties of natural gas are discussed based on the AGA8 equation of state (EOS) and thermodynamics relationships. To validate the procedures, the numerical values are compared with available measured values. The validations show that the average absolute percent deviation (AAPD) for density calculations is 0.0831%, for heat capacity at the constant pressure is 0.87%, for heat capacity at the constant volume is 1.13%, for Joule-Thomson coefficient is 1.93%, for speed of sound is 0.133%, and for enthalpy is 1.06%. Furthermore, in this work, the new procedures are presented for computing the entropy and internal energy. Due to lack of experimental data for these properties, the validation is done for pure methane. The validation shows that AAPD is 0.078% and 0.0133% for internal energy and entropy, respectively.

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Correspondence to M. Farzaneh-Gord.

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Farzaneh-Gord, M., Rahbari, H.R. Numerical procedures for natural gas accurate thermodynamic properties calculation. J. Engin. Thermophys. 21, 213–234 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1810232812040017

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Keywords

  • Molar Enthalpy
  • Engineer THERMOPHYSICS
  • Compressibility Factor
  • Binary Interaction Parameter
  • Molar Entropy