The initial section pipe geometry has been investigated experimentally with respect to the hysteresis phenomenon of laminar-turbulent transition observed recently. The requirements for pipe geometry for gas dynamic hysteresis have been formulated.
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Novopashin, S.A. Magic pipe geometry. J. Engin. Thermophys. 18, 57–64 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1134/S181023280901007X
- Gas dynamic hysteresis
- pipe flow