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Changes in the Time-Domain of Heart Rate Variability and Corticosterone after Surgical Trauma to the Nasal Septum in Rats

Abstract

The aim of the work was to study changes in the time range of heart rate variability (HRV) against the background of changes in the concentration of corticosterone in blood plasma in rats after surgical trauma to the nasal septum. Septoplasty was simulated in 30 mature male Wistar rats weighing 210–290 g. ECG was recorded with subsequent analysis of the time domain of HRV, as well as blood sampling to estimate changes in the concentration of corticosterone in the blood plasma was performed. As a result, SDNN significantly increased in comparison with the control on days 2 and 3 (p < 0.001) but decreased on days 4–5 (p < 0.001) and 6 (p < 0.01). rMSSD changed in waves with two irregular peaks on days 1 and 6. SDNN/rMSSD, in comparison with the 1st day of the postoperative period, increased on the 2nd day, continued to increase (p < 0.05), and then began to decrease on day 4 (p < 0.01). The total HRV power of was low throughout the postoperative period (p < 0.001), except for day 3, when it was equal to the control data. The increase in the total power index fell on day 3 after the operation (p <0.01), after which its decline was observed again. The concentration of corticosterone in the blood plasma in rats was significantly higher than before (p < 0.001). On postoperative day 2 to 4, its plateau was determined. Simulation of septoplasty leads to changes in the time range of HRV, an increase in the concentration of corticosterone in the blood plasma in rats with its maximum at the time of surgery and 24 h later, and the formation of a “plateau” on postoperative days 2 to 4, which coincides with the changes in HRV.

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Correspondence to I. V. Kastyro.

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Experiments with animals were approved by the Bioethical Committee of the Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, minutes no. 6 dated February 16, 2021.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Translated by M. Batrukova

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Kastyro, I.V., Popadyuk, V.I., Reshetov, I.V. et al. Changes in the Time-Domain of Heart Rate Variability and Corticosterone after Surgical Trauma to the Nasal Septum in Rats. Dokl Biochem Biophys 499, 247–250 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1607672921040098

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Keywords:

  • septoplasty
  • heart rate variability
  • corticosterone
  • stress