Differences in Fatty Acid Composition between Orb-Weaver Spiders Inhabiting a Riparian Zone and a Steppe Are Associated with the Consumption of Different Chironomid Taxa

Abstract

Amphibiotic insects, chironomids of the genera Glyptotendipes and Chironomus, which emerged from saline Lake Shira, differed in composition and content of fatty acids, including the essential eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA), and upon flying out they were concentrated in different territories, the riparian zone and remote arid steppe zone, respectively. Potential consumers of chironomids adults, the orb-weaver spiders Larinoides suspicax, which inhabited both zones, also differed in fatty acid composition. The main difference in their biochemical composition was a significantly higher level of EPA in spiders from the riparian zone that likely to be explained by consumption of the Glyptotendipes adults enriched in this fatty acid and concentrated only within this zone. The higher level of EPA, which is deficient in terrestrial ecosystems, in orb-weaver spiders from the riparian zone of the saline lake may potentially promote a successful survival of the consumers in the arid landscape.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Millan, A., Velasco, J., Gutierrez-Canovas, C., et al., J. Arid Environ., 2011, vol. 75, pp. 1352–1359.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Gladyshev, M.I., Gladysheva, E.E., and Sushchik, N.N., Ecol. Complexity, 2019, vol. 38, pp. 140–145.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Muehlbauer, J.D., Collins, S.F., Doyle, M.W., et al., Ecology, 2014, vol. 95, pp. 44–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Borisova, E.V., Tolomeev, A.P., Drobotov, A.V., et al., Zh. Sib. Fed. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2019, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 196–215.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Vitkovskaya, I.A., Borisova, E.V., and Sushchik, N.N., Zh. Sib. Fed. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2019, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 216–226.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Sanchez-Ruiz, J.A., Phillips, J.S., Ives, A.R., et al., Polar Biol., 2018, vol. 41, pp. 1547–1554.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Makhutova, O.N., Borisova, E.V., Shulepina, S.P., et al., Contemp. Probl. Ecol., 2017, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 230–239.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Gladyshev, M.I., Anishchenko, O.V., Makhutova, O.N., et al., J. Food Composition Analysis, 2020, vol. 90, p. 103489.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Tolomeev, A.P., Shulepina, S.P., Makhutova, O.N., et al., Zh. Sib. Fed. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2018, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 367–383.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Fontaneto, D., Tommaseo-Ponzetta, M., Galli, C., et al., Ecol. Food Nutrit., 2011, vol. 50, pp. 351–367.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Twining, C.W., Brenna, J.T., Hairston, N.G., Jr., et al., Oikos, 2015, vol. 125, pp. 749–760.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Fritz, K.A., Kirschman, L.J., McCay, S.D., et al., Freshwater Sci., 2017, vol. 3, pp. 893–900.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Chari, L.D., Richoux, N.B., Moyo, S., et al., Food Webs, 2020, vol. 24. e00152.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project nos. 19-34-90099 and 20-04-00346a) and state assignments within the framework of the fundamental research program of the Russian Federation (topics nos. 51.1.1 and FSRZ-2020-0006).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. N. Sushchik.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Additional information

Translated by M. Batrukova

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sushchik, N.N., Borisova, E.V., Demina (Vitkovskaya), I.A. et al. Differences in Fatty Acid Composition between Orb-Weaver Spiders Inhabiting a Riparian Zone and a Steppe Are Associated with the Consumption of Different Chironomid Taxa. Dokl Biochem Biophys 496, 40–43 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1607672921010117

Download citation

Keywords:

  • emergence of amphibiotic insects
  • Glyptotendipes
  • Chironomus
  • Larinoides suspicax
  • fatty acid composition
  • eicosapentaenoic acid
  • transfer of matter between ecosystems