Phytohormones Regulate the Expression of Nuclear Genes Encoding the Components of the Plastid Transcription Apparatus
As multifunctional regulators of physiological processes, phytohormones play an important role in the regulation of expression of the plastid genome and chloroplast biogenesis. Hormones can directly regulate the expression of genes localized in the chloroplast genome. However, many components of the plastid transcription apparatus are encoded by nuclear rather than plastid genes. It remains obscure whether these nuclear genes are subject to hormonal regulation. This is the first study to show that phytohormones exert differential effects on the expression of nuclear genes of the transcription machinery of the Arabidopsis thaliana plastome. RT-PCR analysis showed that the level of transcripts of the majority of studied genes was activated by trans-zeatin but decreased under the influence of ABA, methyl jasmonate, and salicylic acid, whereas ethylene had no significant effect, and the effects of brassinolide depended on the illumination conditions. The results of this study indicate that the hormonal regulation of the plastome expression can be mediated by differential regulation of the nuclear genes encoding plastid transcription machinery components.
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