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Electrochemical Polymerization of Diphenylamine-2-Carboxylic Acid on Glassy Carbon and Activated Graphite Foil

Abstract

The electrochemical polymerization of diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid in an alkaline electrolyte on an anodized graphite foil is compared with the corresponding electrochemical polymerization on a glassy carbon substrate. The physicochemical properties and electrochemical characteristics of electroactive polymer coatings (polydiphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid) in 1 М H2SO4 solution in the potential range from –1 to +1 V are investigated. It is shown that two different polymers are formed on the used substrates. According to the electrochemical, electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data, the possible pathway of electropolymerization on surfaces of the anodized graphite foil and glassy carbon is proposed. The calculated values of the electrochemical capacity, Coulomb efficiency, and stability of polymer coatings based on poly(diphenylamine-2-dicarboxylic acid) on the anodized graphite foil substrate in multiple cycle experiments are found to be good for designing electrodes for supercapacitors.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was carried out using equipment of the Analytical Shared Research Center of the Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Chernogolovka Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Funding

This work was carried out in accordance with State Assignment for the Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (АААА-А19-119071190044-3 and ААА-А19-119061890019-5), and State Assignment for the Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Correspondence to V. V. Abalyaeva.

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Abalyaeva, V.V., Dremova, N.N., Kabachkov, E.N. et al. Electrochemical Polymerization of Diphenylamine-2-Carboxylic Acid on Glassy Carbon and Activated Graphite Foil. Polym. Sci. Ser. B 63, 392–403 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1560090421040011

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