Comparison of the role of new ethers and conventional alkoxysilanes as external donors in the polymerization of propylene using the industrial Ziegler-Natta catalyst
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Two new ethers were synthesized using the Williamson reaction from related alcohols and were used as external donors in propylene polymerization in the presence of the industrial diisobutyl phthalate-based MgCl2-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst. For comparison the propylene polymerization was carried out in the presence of silane and in the absence of external donors. The produced polymers were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, xylene extraction, melt flow index, scanning electron microscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The isotacticity, molecular weight and molecular weight distribution, melt flow index, crystallinity degree and thermal properties of polypropylenes were influenced by the type of external donors.
KeywordsMolecular Weight Distribution Melt Flow Index External Donor Methoxymethyl Propylene Polymerization
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