Abstract—Neutron Resonance Capture Analysis (NRCA) is currently being developed in the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (FLNP) for the purpose of determining the element composition of samples. This method is based on registering neutron resonances in radiative capture and measuring the yield of reaction products in these resonances. To test the capabilities of this method, such investigations have been carried out in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences at the IREN pulsed neutron source, FLNP, for ancient coins from Phanagorian treasure. A cylindrical multisectional liquid scintillator detector is used to detect γ-quanta.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
N. V. Bazhazhina, Yu. D. Mareev, L. B. Pikelner, P. V. Sedyshev, and V. N. Shvetsov, “Analysis of element and isotope composition of samples by neutron spectroscopy at the IREN facility,” Phys. Part. Nucl. Lett. 12, 578–583 (2015).
D. N. Grozdanov, N. A. Fedorov, F. A. Aliev, V. M. Bystritsky, Yu. N. Kopatch, I. N. Ruskov, P. V. Sedyshev, V. R. Skoy, V. N. Shvetsov, A. V. Baraev, and A. V. Kologov, “Elemental analysis of engine parts of the proton rocket carrier with resonance neutrons,” Phys. Part. Nucl. Lett. 15, 537–540 (2018).
S. T. Mazhen, S. B. Borzakov, A. M. Ergashov, Yu. D. Mareev, P. V. Sedyshev, N. V. Simbirtseva, V. N. Shvetsov, I. A. Saprykina, and O. V. Zelentsova, “Application of neutron resonance capture analysis for determination of isotope composition of fibula from Podbolotyevsky burial ground (10th century AD),” in Proceedings of the Seminar ISINN-26 (JINR, Dubna, 2019), pp. 128–133.
S. F. Mughabghab, Neutron Gross Sections, Neutron Resonance Parameters and Thermal Gross Sections (Academic, New York, 1984).
S. I. Sukhoruchkin, Z. N. Soroko, and V. V. Deriglazov, Low Energy Neutron Physics, Vol. I/16B of Landolt-Börnstein (Springer, Berlin, 1998).
H. Postma and P. Schillebeeckx, “Neutron resonance analysis,” in Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. Neutron Scattering Applications and Techniques, Ed. by N. Kardjilov and G. Festa (Springer, Cham, 2017), pp. 235–283.
G. Gorini (Ancient Charm Collab.), “Ancient charm: A research project for neutron-based investigation of cultural-heritage objects,” Nuovo Cim. C 30, 47–58 (2007).
H. Hasemi, M. Harada, T. Kai, T. Shinohara, M. Ooi, H. Sato, K. Kino, M. Segawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Evaluation of nuclide density by neutron transmission at the NOBORU instrument in J-PARC/MLF,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 773, 137–149 (2015).
O. V. Belikov, A. V. Belozerov, Yu. Becher, Yu. Bulycheva, A. A. Fateev, A. A. Galt, A. S. Kayukov, A. R. Krylov, V. V. Kobetz, P. V. Logachev, A. S. Medvedko, I. N. Meshkov, V. F. Minashkin, V. M. Pavlov, V. A. Petrov, et al., “Physical start-up of the first stage of IREN facility,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 205, 012053 (2010).
E. A. Golubkov, V. V. Kobets, V. F. Minashkin, K. I. Mikhailov, A. N. Repkin, A. P. Sumbaev, K. V. Udovichenko, and V. N. Shvetsov, “The first results of the commissioning of the second accelerating section of the LUE-200 accelerator of the IREN installation,” Soobshch. OIYaI R9-2017-77 (Dubna, OIYaI, 2017).
M. G. Abramzon and V. D. Kuznetsov, “Treasure of the Bosporus staters of the 3rd–4th centuries from Fanagoria,” in Fanagoria. Results of Archaeological Research, Ed. by V. D. Kuznetsov (Inst. Arkheol. RAN, Moscow, 2017), Vol. 5, pp. 3–271 [in Russian].
I. A. Saprykina and O. L. Gunchina, “The chemical composition of the metal of the Bosporus staters of the fanagorian treasure 2011,” in Fanagoria. Results of Archaeological Research, Ed. by V. D. Kuznetsov (Inst. Arkheol. RAN, Moscow, 2017), Vol. 5, pp. 272–483 [in Russian].
Kh. Maletski, L. B. Pikel’ner, K. G. Rodionov, I. M. Salamatin, and E. I. Sharapov, “Neutron and gamma ray detector for work in the field of neutron spectroscopy,” Soobshch. OIYaI No. 13-6609 (JINR, Dubna, 1972).
D. Zeliger, N. Iliescu, Hi San Kim, D. Longo, L. B. Pikel’ner, and E. I. Sharapov, “Neutron resonances in bromine,” Sov. Phys. JETP 18, 889–214 (1964).
E. Melkonian, W. W. Havens, Jr., and L. J. Rainwater, “Slow neutron velocity spectrometer studies. V. Re, Ta, Ru, Cr, Ga,” Phys. Rev. 92, 702 (1953).
V. N. Efimov and I. I. Shelontsev, “Calculation of graphs for determining the parameters of neutron resonances by the transmission method of the sample,” Soobshch. OIYaI No.R-641 (JINR, Dubna, 1961).
A. A. Luk’yanov, The Structure of Neutron Cross Sections (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1978) [in Russian].
I. A. Saprykina, L. A. Pel’gunova, O. L. Gunchina, I. G. Ravich, S. E. Kichanov, D. P. Kozlenko, and K. Nazarov, “Some remarks on the technique of making Bosporus staters from the Fanagori treasure 2011,” in Fanagoria. Results of Archaeological Research, Ed. by V. D. Kuznetsov (Inst. Arkheol. RAN, Moscow, 2017), Vol. 5, pp. 484–493 [in Russian].
We are grateful to the staff at the IREN FLNP facility, Head of the Scientific and Experimental Department of Accelerator Systems of VBLHEP A.P. Sumbaev, Head of Sector no. 5 of the Scientific and Experimental Department of Injection and Nuclotron Ring of VBLHEP V.V. Kobets for ensuring the smooth operation of the installation during the measurement, and A.O. Zontikov for making the calculations.
Translated by N. Petrov
About this article
Cite this article
Sedyshev, P.V., Simbirtseva, N.V., Yergashov, A.M. et al. Determining the Elemental Composition of Antique Coins of Phanagorian Treasure by Neutron Spectroscopy at the Pulsed Neutron Source IREN in FLNP JINR. Phys. Part. Nuclei Lett. 17, 389–400 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1547477120030139