Redefinition of Lemanskiite: New Mineralogical Data, Crystal Structure, and Revised Formula NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O

Abstract

The crystal structure of lemanskiite is determined for the first time (R = 0.019) and the mineral is redefined. Its chemical formula, crystal system, space group and unit-cell parameters are revised. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern of lemanskiite has been correctly indexed; the IR spectrum of an impurity-free sample has been obtained. It has been shown that the mineral is not a dimorph of lavendulan NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O and differs from the latter by a lower H2O content. The studied sample was from the oxidation zone of the Perseverancia deposit, Guanako, Antofagasta, Chile. It empirical formula is Na0.98(Ca0.98Sr0.031.01Cu5.07As3.97O15.97Cl1.03 · 3H2O; the idealized formula is NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O. The mineral is monoclinic, P21/m, a = 9.250(2), b = 10.0058(10), с = 10.0412(17) Å, β = 97.37(3)°, V = 921.7(3) Å3, Z =2. Lemanskiite represents a new structure type in the lavendulan group. Its structure is based on heteropolyhedral layers composed of clusters consisting of four edge-shared distorted Cu-centered tetragonal pyramids joined with eight AsO4 tetrahedra, which are also linked with a Cu-centered plane squares not involved in the clusters. Interlayer edge-shared Na-centered trigonal prisms and Ca sevenfold polyhedra are linked with the heteropolyhedral layers from both sides.

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Correspondence to N. V. Zubkova.

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Original Russian Text © N.V. Zubkova, I.V. Pekov, N.V. Chukanov, A.V. Kasatkin, D.A. Ksenofontov, V.O. Yapaskurt, S.N. Britvin, D.Yu. Pushcharovsky, 2017, published in Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 2017, No. 6, pp. 43–61.

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Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V. et al. Redefinition of Lemanskiite: New Mineralogical Data, Crystal Structure, and Revised Formula NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O. Geol. Ore Deposits 60, 594–606 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075701518070115

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Keywords

  • lemanskiite
  • lavendulan
  • lavendulan group
  • arsenate
  • crystal structure
  • oxidation zone
  • Perseverancia mine
  • Chile