The Konevinsky gold deposit in southeast Eastern Sayan is distinguished from most known deposits in this region (Zun-Kholba, etc.) by the geological setting and composition of mineralization. To elucidate the cause of the peculiar mineralization, we have studied the composition, formation conditions, and origin of this deposit, which is related to the Ordovician granitoid pluton 445–441 Ma in age cut by intermediate and basic dikes spatially associated with metavolcanic rocks of the Devonian–Carboniferous Ilei Sequence. Four mineral assemblages are recognized: (1) quartz–pyrite–molybdenite, (2) quartz–gold–pyrite, (3) gold–polysulfide, and (4) telluride. Certain indications show that the ore was formed as a result of the superposition of two distinct mineral assemblages differing in age. The first stage dated at ~440 Ma is related to intrusions generating Cu–Mo–Au porphyry mineralization and gold–polysulfide veins. The second stage is controlled by dikes pertaining to the Devonian–Carboniferous volcanic–plutonic association. The second stage is characterized by gain of Hg and Te and formation of gold–mercury–telluride paragenesis.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Airiyants, E.V., Zhmodik, S.M., Mironov, A.G., et al., Gold mineralization in siliceous–carbonate rocks of southeastern East Sayan, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2007, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 389–399.
Borisenko, A.S., Naumov, E.A., and Obolenskii, A.A., Types of gold–mercury deposits and their formaton conditions, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2006, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 342–354.
Bortnikov, N.S., Cramer, Kh., Genkin, A.D., et al., Parageneses of gold and silver tellurides in the Florence gold deposit, Cuba Republic, Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd., 1988, no. 2, pp. 49–61.
Brown, P.E., FLINCOR: a microcomputer program for the reduction and investigation of fluid-inclusion data, Am. Mineral., 1989, vol. 74, pp. 1390–1393.
Damdinov, B.B., Zhmodik, S.M., Mironov, A.G., et al., Noble metal mineralization in rodingites of the southeastern East Sayan, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2004, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 536–546.
Damdinov, B.B., Mironov, A.G., Borisenko, A.S., et al., Composition and conditions of formation of gold–telluride mineralization in the Tissa–Sarkhoi gold-bearing province (East Sayan), Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2007, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 643–655.
Damdinov, B.B., Roshchektaev, P.A., Zhmodik, S.M., et al., Au–Ag–Hg intermetallides in the ores of the Konevinsk gold deposits, Eastern Sayan, Zapiski Ross. Mineral. O-va, 2012, no. 3, pp. 50–60.
Fedotova, A.A. and Khain, E.V., Tektonika yuga Vostochnogo Sayana i ego polozhenie v Uralo-Mongol’skom poyase (Tectonics of the Southern East Sayan and its Position in the Ural–Mongolian Belt), Moscow: Nauchnyi mir, 2002.
Gamyanin, G.N., Goryachev, N.A., Bakharev, A.G., et al., Usloviya zarozhdeniya i evolyutsiya granitoidnykh zolotorudno-magmaticheskikh sistem v mezozoidakh Severo-Vostoka Azii (Conditions of Initiation and Evolution of the Granitoid Gold Magmatic Systems in the Mesozoides of Northeastern Asia), Magadan: SVKNII DVO RAN, 2003.
Garmaev, B.L., Damdinov, B.B., and Mironov, A.G., Pogranichnoe Au–Bi occurrence, Eastern Sayan: composition and link to magmatism, Geol. Ore Deposits, 2013, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 455–466.
Goryachev, N.A. and Gamyanin, G.N., Gold–bismuth (gold–rare metal) deposits of northeastern Russia: types and prospects of economic exploration, in Zolotorudnye mestorozhdeniya Vostoka Rossii: Tr. 3-go Vseross. Simp. “Zoloto Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka: geologiya, geokhimiya, tekhnologiya, ekonomika, ekologiya” (Gold Deposits of East Russia. Proceedings of the 3rd All-Russian Symposium on Gold of Siberia and Far East: Geology, Geochemistry, Technology, Economics, and Ecology), Magadan: SVKNII, 2006, pp. 50–62.
Grabezhev, A.I., Sr–Nd–C–O–H–S isotope-geochemical characteristics of copper–porphyry fluid-magmatic systems of the South Urals: possible sources of matter, Litosfera, 2009, no. 6, pp. 66–89.
Hedenquist, J.W., Arribas, A.R., and Eliseo, G.-U., Exploration for epithermal gold deposits, SEG Rev., 2000, vol. 13, pp. 245–277.
Kerrich, R. and Wyman, D.A., Review of development in trace-element fingerprinting of geodynamic settings and their implications for mineral exploration, Austral. J.Earth Sci., 1997, vol. 44, pp. 465–487.
Konstantinov, M.M., Zolotoe i serebryanoe orudenenie vulkanogennykh poyasov mira (Gold and Silver Mineralization in the Volcanogenic Belts of the World), Moscow: Nedra, 1984.
Kovalenker, V.A., Borisenko, A.S., Prokof’ev, V.Yu., et al., Gold porphyry epithermal ore-forming systems: ore mineralogy, fluid regime, factors of large-scale gold accumulation, in Aktual’nye problemy rudoobrazovaniya i metallogenii (Urgent Problems of Ore Formation and Metallogeny), Novosibirsk: Akad. izd-vo “Geo”, 2006, pp. 103–104.
Kovalenker, V.A., Kiseleva, G.D., Krylova, T.L., et al., Mineralogy and ore formation conditions of the Bugdaya Au-bearing W–Mo porphyry deposit, Eastern Transbaikal region, Russia, Geol. Ore Deposits, 2011, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 93–125.
Krivtsov, A.I., Migachev, I.F., and Popov, V.S., Medno-porfirovye mestorozhdeniya mira (Porphyry Copper Deposits of the World), Moscow: Nedra, 1986.
Krylova, V.V., Sandomirskaya, S.M., and Chuvikina, N.G., Tin, lead, and intermetallic compounds in the ores of the gold–silver deposits, in Mineralogicheskie issledovaniya mestorozhdenii tsvetnykh i blagorodnykh metallov (Mineralogical Studies of the Non-Ferrous and Noble Metals), Moscow: Nedra, 1979, pp. 22–27.
Lang, J.R. and Baker, T., Intrusion-related gold systems: the present level of understanding, Miner. Deposita, 2001, no. 36, pp. 477–489.
Leistel, J.M., Marcoux, E., Deschamps, Y., and Joubert, M., Antithetic behaviour of gold in the volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits of the Iberian pyrite belt, Miner. Deposita, 1998, vol. 33, nos. 1–2, pp. 82–97.
Lindgren, W., Mineral Deposits, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1933.
Mironov, A.G. and Zhmodik, S.M., Gold deposits of the Urik–Kitoi metallogenic zone (Eastern Sayan, Russia), Geol. Ore Deposits, 1999, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 46–61.
Mironov, A.G., Zhmodik, S.M., Ochirov, Yu.Ch., et al., The Tainskoe gold deposit (Eastern Sayan, Russia)—a new example of the porphyry gold type, Geol. Ore Deposits, 2001, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 353–370.
Mironov, A.G., Zhmodik, S.M., Borovikov, A.A., et al., The Kamennoe gold sulfide deposit (Northern Transbaikalia, Russia) as a representative of the Riphean epithermal gold–telluride–silver ore mineralization, Geol. Ore Deposits, 2004, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 353–371.
Moëlo Y., Makovicky, E. Mozgova, N.N., et al., Sulfosalt systematics: a review. Report of the sulfosalt sub-committee of the IMA Comission on ore mineralogy, Eur. J. Mineral., 2008, vol. 20, pp. 7–46.
Mozgova, N.N. and Tsepin, A.I., Bleklye rudy (osobennosti khimicheskogo sostava i svoistv) (Fahlore: Chemical Composition and Properties), Moscow: Nauka, 1983.
Murzin, V.V., Pokrovskii, P.V., and Moloshag, V.P., Mercury in native gold of the Urals and its typomorphic significance, Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd., 1981, no. 4, pp. 86–91.
Murzin, V.V. and Malyugin, A.A., Tipomorfizm zolota zony gipergeneza (na primere Urala) (Typomorphism of Gold in Supergene Zone), Sverdlovsk: UNTs ANSSSR, 1987.
Naz’mova, G.N. and Spiridonov, E.M., Mercuric gold, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1979, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 702–705.
Nisten, P., Gold in the volcanogenic mercury-rich sulfide deposit Langsele, Skellefte ore district, northern Sweden, Miner. Deposita, 1986, no. 21, pp. 116–120.
Ozerova, N.A., Rtut’ i endogennoe rudoobrazovanie (Mercury and Endogenic Ore Formation), Moscow: Nauka, 1986.
Pearce, J.A., Harris, N.B.W., and Tindle, A.G., Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks, J. Petrol., 1984, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 956–983.
Pokrovskii, P.V., Berzon, R.O., Murzin, V.V., et al., Mercury-bearing native gold in some deposits of the Urals, in Ezhegodnik In-ta geologii i geokhimii UNTs ANSSSR, 1976 (Yearbook of the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of the Ural Scientific Center, ANSSSR), Sverdlovsk, 1977, pp. 79–81.
Sillitoe, R.H., Enargite-bearing massive sulfide deposits high in porphyry copper systems, Econ. Geol., 1983, vol. 78, pp. 348–352.
Sillitoe, R.H., Porphyry copper systems, Econ. Geol., 2010, vol. 105, pp. 3–41.
Stepanov, V.A. and Moiseenko, V.G., Geologiya zolota, serebra i rtuti. Ch. 1. Zoloto-rtutnye mestorozhdeniya (Geology of Gold, Silver, and Mercury. Part 1. Gold–Mercury Deposits), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 1993.
Tauson, L.V., Geokhimicheskie tipy i potentsial’naya rudonosnost' granitoidov (Geochemical Types and Ore Potential of Granitoids), Moscow: Nauka, 1977.
Travin, A.V., Yudin, D.S., Vladimirov, A.G., et al., Thermochronology of the Chernorud granulite zone, Ol’khon region, Western Baikal area, Geochem. Int., 2009, vol. 11, pp. 1107–1124.
Zhmodik, S.M., Mironov, A.G., Bobrik, O.M., et al., Two types of the porphyry gold systems of Estern Sayan, in Zolotorudnye mestorozhdeniya Vostoka Rossii: Tr. 3-go Vseross. Simp. Zoloto Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka: geologiya, geokhimiya, tekhnologiya, ekonomika, ekologiya, Ulan-Ude, 2004. (Gold Deposits of East Russia. Proceedings of the 3rd All-Russian Symposium on Gold of Siberia and Far East: Geology, Geochemistry, Technology, Economics, and Ecology), Magadan: SVKNII DVO RAS, 2006, pp. 74–87.
Zhmodik, S.M., Mironov, A.G., and Zhmodik, A.S., Zolotokontsentriruyushchie sistemy ofiolitovykh poyasov (na primere Sayano-Baikalo-Muiskogo poyasa) (Gold-Concentrating Systems of Ophiolite Belts: Evidence from the Sayan–Baikal–Muya Belt), Novosibirsk: Akademicheskoe izd-vo “Geo”, 2008.
Roshchektaev, P. A., Mironov, A. G., Doroshkevich, G. I. et al., Zoloto Buryatii. Kn. 1. Strukturno-metallogenicheskoe raionirovanie, geologicheskoe stroenie mestorozhdenii, resursnaya otsenka (Gold of Buryatia. Vol. 1. Structural–Metallogenic Zoning, Geological Structure of the Deposits, and Resource Assessment), Ulan-Ude: BNTs SORAN, 2000.
Original Russian Text © B.B. Damdinov, S.M. Zhmodik, P.A. Roshchektaev, L.B. Damdinova, 2016, published in Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 2016, Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 154–170.
About this article
Cite this article
Damdinov, B.B., Zhmodik, S.M., Roshchektaev, P.A. et al. Composition and genesis of the Konevinsky gold deposit, Eastern Sayan, Russia. Geol. Ore Deposits 58, 134–148 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075701516020033
- Fluid Inclusion
- Gold Deposit
- Mineral Assemblage