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East Scandinavian and Noril’sk plume mafic large igneous provinces of Pd-Pt ores: Geological and metallogenic comparison

Abstract

This paper compares the geological, geophysical, and isotopic geochemical data on the Paleoproterozoic East Scandinavian Pd-Pt province in the Baltic Shield and the Late Paleozoic Noril’sk Pd-Pt province in the Siberian Craton. Both provinces contain large magmatic PGE deposits: low-sulfide in the Baltic Shield and high-sulfide in the Siberian Craton. Multidisciplinary evidence shows that the East Scandinavian mafic large igneous province, which has a plume nature, is intracratonic and was not subjected to the crucial effect of subduction-related and other contamination processes, whereas the Noril’sk province is pericratonic with substantial crustal contamination of the intrusive processes. Low-sulfide Pd-Pt deposits dominate in the East Scandinavian province, while high-sulfide Ni-Cu-PGE deposits play the leading role in the Noril’sk province. The U-Pb, Sm-Nd, and Rb-Sr isotopic data indicate multistage and long-term (tens of millions of years) geological history of mafic large igneous provinces. The plume magmatism with specific geochemistry and metallogeny is probably related to lower mantle sources.

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Correspondence to F. P. Mitrofanov.

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Original Russian Text © F.P. Mitrofanov, T.B. Bayanova, A.U. Korchagin, N.Yu. Groshev, K.N. Malitch, D.V. Zhirov, A.F. Mitrofanov, 2013, published in Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 2013, Vol. 55, No. 5, pp. 357–373.

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Mitrofanov, F.P., Bayanova, T.B., Korchagin, A.U. et al. East Scandinavian and Noril’sk plume mafic large igneous provinces of Pd-Pt ores: Geological and metallogenic comparison. Geol. Ore Deposits 55, 305–319 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1134/S107570151305005X

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Keywords

  • Siberian Platform
  • Baltic Shield
  • Siberian Craton
  • Layered Intrusion
  • East European Craton