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Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 52, Issue 7, pp 606–611 | Cite as

Nickeltalmessite, Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O, a new mineral species of the fairfieldite group, Bou Azzer, Morocco

  • N. V. ChukanovEmail author
  • A. A. Mukhanova
  • S. Möckel
  • D. I. Belakovsky
  • L. A. Levitskaya
New Minerals, Nomenclature, and Classification
  • 64 Downloads

Abstract

Nickeltalmessite, Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O, a new mineral species of the fairfieldite group, has been found in association with annabergite, nickelaustinite, pecoraite, calcite, and a mineral of the chromite-manganochromite series from the dump of the Aït Ahmane Mine, Bou Azzer ore district, Morocco. The new mineral occurs as spheroidal aggregates consisting of split crystals up to 10 × 10 × 20 μm in size. Nickeltalmessite is apple green, with white streak and vitreous luster. The density measured by the volumetric method is 3.72(3) g/cm3; calculated density is 3.74 g/cm3. The new mineral is colorless under a microscope, biaxial, positive: α = 1.715(3), β = 1.720(5), γ = 1.753(3), 2V meas = 80(10)°, 2V calc = 60.4. Dispersion is not observed. The infrared spectrum is given. As a result of heating of the mineral in vacuum from 24° up to 500°C, weight loss was 8.03 wt %. The chemical composition (electron microprobe, wt %) is as follows: 25.92 CaO, 1.23 MgO, 1.08 CoO, 13.01 NiO, 52.09 As2O5; 7.8 H2O (determined by the Penfield method); the total is 101.13. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of two AsO4 groups is Ca2.04(Ni0.77Mg0.13Co0.06)Σ0.96 (AsO4)2.00 · 1.91H2O. The strongest reflections in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are: 5.05 (27) (001) (100), 3.57 (43) (011), 3.358 (58) (110), 3.202 (100) (020), 3.099 (64) (0\( \bar 2 \)1), 2.813 (60), (\( \bar 1 \)21), 2.772 (68) (2\( \bar 1 \)0), 1.714 (39) (\( \bar 3 \)31). The unit-cell dimensions of the triclinic lattice (space group P1 or P) determined from the X-ray powder data are: a = 5.858(7), b = 7.082(12), c = 5.567(6) Å, α = 97.20(4), β = 109.11(5), γ = 109.78(5)°, V = 198.04 Å3, Z = 1. The mineral name emphasizes its chemical composition as a Ni-dominant analogue of talmessite. The type material of nickeltalmessite is deposited at the Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, registration number 3750/1.

Keywords

Chromite Calculated Density Spheroidal Aggregate Fersman Mineralogical Museum Vitreous Luster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Chukanov
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. A. Mukhanova
    • 2
  • S. Möckel
    • 3
  • D. I. Belakovsky
    • 4
  • L. A. Levitskaya
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow oblastRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental MineralogyRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow oblastRussia
  3. 3.Alpha-GeophysikGotthelffriedrichsgrundGermany
  4. 4.Fersman Mieralogical MuseumRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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