Russian Journal of Organic Chemistry

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 694–701 | Cite as

Synthesis and Application of Graphene Oxide-supported Aluminium Chloride as a Novel and an Environmentally Friendly Catalyst for the Preparation of Bis(pyrazolyl)methanes

  • K. Parvanak BoroujeniEmail author
  • S. Karimi
  • M. M. Eskandari


The immobilization of AlCl3, an extremely hygroscopic Lewis acid, on graphene oxide as a support material with a high surface area was studied. The obtained solid material was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, TGA/DTA analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and used as an efficient and bench-top environmentally benign catalyst for the preparation of bis (pyrazolyl)methane derivatives through the condensation of aldehydes and 3-methyl-l-phenylpyrazol-5-one. The catalyst is reusable for at least nine times with a negligible loss in its catalytic activity.


aluminum chloride graphene oxide immobilization catalysis synthesis bispyrazolylmethane derivatives 


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The authors gratefully acknowledge the partial support of this study by Shahrekord University and Research Institute of Petroleum Industry.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Parvanak Boroujeni
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Karimi
    • 1
  • M. M. Eskandari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryShahrekord UniversityShahrekordIran
  2. 2.Nanotechnology Research CenterResearch Institute of Petroleum IndustryTehranIran

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