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Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry

, Volume 91, Issue 5, pp 813–821 | Cite as

Effect of Composition and Structure of Aqueous Monoethanolamine Solutions on Carbon Dioxide Sorption and Desorption in Purification of Gas Mixtures

  • E. G. Novitskii
  • V. P. Vasilevskii
  • V. I. Vasil’eva
  • E. A. Goleva
  • E. A. Grushevenko
  • A. V. Volkov
Sorption and Ion Exchange Processe
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Possibility of raising the efficiency of the monoethanolamine purification of gas mixtures to remove carbon dioxide is demonstrated with consideration for the real intermolecular interactions and the structuring in the absorbent solution. The composition and structure of individual aqueous monoethanolamine solutions with various concentrations and of the same solutions saturated with carbon dioxide were examined. The methods of viscometry and conductometry demonstrated that, at monoethanolamine concentrations exceeding 12 ± 2 wt %, micelles are formed on the background of the existence of associates with intermolecular hydrogen bonds. This necessitates use of high temperatures (120‒140°C) in the stage of carbon dioxide desorption. It was found that using a 12 wt % aqueous solution of monoethanolamine in purification of gas mixtures makes it possible to lower the desorption temperature of carbon dioxide to 90°C. This process is more efficient than the standard technology of CO2 removal from a 30 wt % monoethanolamine solution. This is so because, in addition to a lower expenditure of heat, the extraction of carbon dioxide grows by 16% at a simultaneous decrease in the absorbent expenditure by at least a factor of 2.5.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. G. Novitskii
    • 1
  • V. P. Vasilevskii
    • 1
  • V. I. Vasil’eva
    • 2
  • E. A. Goleva
    • 2
  • E. A. Grushevenko
    • 1
  • A. V. Volkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical SynthesisRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Voronezh State UniversityVoronezhRussia

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