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Crystalline and molecular design of functionalized viologens

Abstract

The regularities of molecular and crystalline structure of functionalized (including mesoionic) viologens were systematically studied. For this purpose a number of fundamentally new viologenic systems was synthesized containing functional groups in side substituents. As a result of extensive X-ray structural studies it is revealed that unlike “classical” viologens, which in crystal form cation-anion pairs or cation-anion stacks, functionalized viologens are bound into endless chains by means of strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds.

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Correspondence to A. V. Gutov.

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Original Russian Text © A.V. Gutov, E.B. Rusanov, A.B. Ryabitskii, I.F. Tsimbal, A.N. Chernega, 2009, published in Zhurnal Obshchei Khimii, 2009, Vol. 79, No. 9, pp. 1553–1561.

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Gutov, A.V., Rusanov, E.B., Ryabitskii, A.B. et al. Crystalline and molecular design of functionalized viologens. Russ J Gen Chem 79, 1910 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1070363209090175

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1070363209090175

Keywords

  • General Chemistry
  • Torsion Angle
  • Bipyridine
  • Pyridine Ring
  • Carboxy Group