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Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 79–90 | Cite as

The stretching amplitude and thermal regime of the lithosphere in the nonvolcanic passive margin of Antarctica in the Mawson Sea region

  • Yu. I. GalushkinEmail author
  • G. L. Leitchenkov
  • Yu. B. Guseva
  • E. P. Dubinin
Article

Abstract

The burial history and thermal evolution of the lithosphere within the passive nonvolcanic Antarctic margin in the region of the Mawson Sea are numerically reconstructed for the margin areas along the seismic profile 5909 with the use of the GALO basin modeling system. The amplitudes of the lithosphere stretching at the different stages of continental rifting which took place from 160 to 90 Ma ago are calculated from the geophysical estimates of the thickness of the consolidated crust and the tectonic analysis of the variations in the thickness of the sedimentary cover and sea depths during the evolution of the basin. It is hypothesized that the formation of the recent sedimentary section sequence in the studied region of the Antarctic margin began ~140 Ma ago on a basement that was thinned by a factor of 1.6 to 4.5 during the first episode of margin stretching (160–140 Ma) under a fairly high heat flux. The reconstruction of the thermal regime of the lithosphere has shown that the mantle rocks could occur within the temperature interval of serpentinization and simultaneously within the time interval of lithospheric stretching (–160 < t <–90 Ma) only within separate segments of profile 5909 in the Mawson Sea. The calculations of the rock strength distribution with depth by the example of the section of pseudowell 4 have shown that a significant part of the crust and uppermost mantle fall here in the region of brittle deformations in the most recent period of lithosphere stretching (–104 to–90 Ma ago). The younger basin segments of profile 5909 in the region of pseudowells 5 and 6 are characterized by a high heat flux, and the formation of through-thickness brittle fractures in these zones is less probable. However, serpentinization could take place in these areas as in the other margin segments at the stage of presedimentation ultra slow basement stretching.

Keywords

Antarctic Mawson Sea passive margin basin modeling tectonic subsidence 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. I. Galushkin
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. L. Leitchenkov
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yu. B. Guseva
    • 2
  • E. P. Dubinin
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow State University, Earth Science Museum (Museum of Natural History)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Gramberg All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of the World OceanSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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