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Frost quakes as a particular class of seismic events: Observations within the East-European platform

The tremors come, the tremors go, They love the wintry weather, With periods fast and periods slow — Perplexing altogether C.B. Hammond: The song of the seismologist, 1911.

Abstract

The group of quakes, which are caused by fast freezing of water-saturated soils or rocks at abrupt drop of winter temperatures often occurring in the middle and high latitudes of Eurasia, is considered. The review of little-known literature is given; the statistical data on the distribution of earthquakes in seasons and the time of day in various regions of Eurasia are presented. Special attention is paid to the East European Platform; using the data for this platform, with thorough consideration of reference quakes along with the weather conditions, the signs of a specific class of nontectonic seismic events are determined. The question concerning the necessity of the frost quakes’ discrimination in compilation of tectonic earthquake catalogues in certain regions is stated.

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Correspondence to A. A. Nikonov.

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Original Russian Text © A.A. Nikonov, 2010, published in Fizika Zemli, 2010, No. 3, pp. 79–90.

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Nikonov, A.A. Frost quakes as a particular class of seismic events: Observations within the East-European platform. Izv., Phys. Solid Earth 46, 257–273 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1069351310030079

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Keywords

  • Solid Earth
  • Seismic Station
  • Earth Quake
  • East European Platform
  • Baltic Country