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Fluorescence study of the energetics of nucleotide-actinomycin complexes

Abstract

Complexes of 7-aminoactinomycin D (7AAMD), a fluorescent analogue of the natural antitumor antibiotic actinomycin D (AMD), with its potential carriers: purine nucleotides (guanine and adenine), caffeine, and fragmented DNA have been studied by fluorescence spectroscopy. It has been shown that 7AAMD binds on the surface of purine aggregates and caffeine clusters and is particularly well incorporated into unwound DNA regions. The process is accompanied by a strong long-wavelength shift of the excitation spectrum of 7AAMD. From the magnitude of the shift, the energy of interaction has been found. In the case of the interaction of 7AAMD with guanine, adenine, and caffeine, it is about 7 kcal/mol, which differs little from the energy of its interaction with DNA (7.7 kcal/mol). This indicates that the contribution of deoxyribose and phosphate to the energy of interaction is very small. On interaction with all compounds examined, except DNA, 7AAMD emits from the water phase, as judged from emission spectra. It has been concluded that, upon photoexcitation, 7AAMD passes readily from all clusters to the polar water phase but does not leave DNA and remains in the hydrophobic surroundings. Presumably, the rigidity of the binding of 7AAMD is determined not only by the enthalpic energy of interaction but also the entropic steric factor, the location of the antibiotic in the hydrophobic part of the unwound region.

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Abbreviations

AMD:

actinomycin D

7AAMD:

7-aminoactinomycin D

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Correspondence to N. L. Vekshin.

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Original Russian Text © V.I. Kovalev, N.L. Vekshin, 2014, published in Bioorganicheskaya Khimiya, 2014, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 588–594.

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Kovalev, V.I., Vekshin, N.L. Fluorescence study of the energetics of nucleotide-actinomycin complexes. Russ J Bioorg Chem 40, 541–546 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1068162014040074

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1068162014040074

Keywords

  • guanine
  • adenine
  • caffeine
  • fragmented DNA
  • actinomycin
  • aminoactinomycin
  • fluorescence spectroscopy