Forest and Steppe Relationships in the South of the Volga Upland during the Holocene


The main stages of the relationship between forest and steppe communities in the southern part of the Volga Upland have been reconstructed. The existence of primary (preagricultural) steppes of all types has been established. The landscape of this area changed as follows: the steppe landscape changed in the Preboreal and Boreal periods (10 300–7500 BP); the forest-steppe landscape (dominated by forests), in the Atlantic and Early Subboreal periods (7500–3200 BP); forest-steppe (dominated by steppes) and steppe landscapes, from the Late Subboreal period to the present (3200–0 BP); and the first agrocenoses appeared from 2500 BP.

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Correspondence to N. V. Blagoveshchenskaya.

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Translated by D. Zabolotny

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Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V. Forest and Steppe Relationships in the South of the Volga Upland during the Holocene. Russ J Ecol 51, 31–37 (2020).

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  • paleovegetation
  • paleogeography
  • Holocene
  • Volga Upland
  • paleoclimate