Forest and Steppe Relationships in the South of the Volga Upland during the Holocene

Abstract

The main stages of the relationship between forest and steppe communities in the southern part of the Volga Upland have been reconstructed. The existence of primary (preagricultural) steppes of all types has been established. The landscape of this area changed as follows: the steppe landscape changed in the Preboreal and Boreal periods (10 300–7500 BP); the forest-steppe landscape (dominated by forests), in the Atlantic and Early Subboreal periods (7500–3200 BP); forest-steppe (dominated by steppes) and steppe landscapes, from the Late Subboreal period to the present (3200–0 BP); and the first agrocenoses appeared from 2500 BP.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Blagoveshchenskii, I.V., The structure of vegetation and taxonomic, geographic, and ecobiological analysis of flora in bog ecosystems of the central Volga Upland, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Ulyanovsk, 2006.

  2. 2

    Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V., Dinamika rastitel’nogo pokrova tsentral’noi chasti Privolzhskoi vozvyshennosti v golotsene (The Holocene Dynamics of Vegetation in the Central Volga Upland), Ulyanovsk: Ulyanovsk. Gos. Univ., 2009.

  3. 3

    Sprygin, I.I., Rastitel’nyi pokrov Srednevolzhskogo kraya (Vegetation of the Middle Volga Region), Samara, 1931.

  4. 4

    Lavrenko, E.M., Eastern European meadow steppes and steppificated meadows, in Rastitel’nost’ evropeiskoi chasti SSSR (Vegetation of the European Soviet Union), Leningrad, 1980, pp. 220–231.

  5. 5

    As’keev, I.V., As’keev, O.V., and Galimova, D.N., The environment and humans in the Volga–Kama and Cisural Regions (from the Late Paleolithic to the Middle Ages), in Srednee Povolzh’e i Yuzhnyi Ural: chelovek i priroda v drevnosti (The Middle Volga Region and Southern Urals: Human and Nature in Ancient Times), Kazan: Fen, 2009, pp. 32–112.

  6. 6

    Digital Man of European Ecological Regions. https:// www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/dmeer-digital-map-of-european-ecological-regions.

  7. 7

    The Map of the Biomes of Russia. https://wwf.ru/what-we-do/bio/biomy-rossii/

  8. 8

    Skvortsov, A.K., On J.R. Forster’s travel to the Lower Volga region in 1765, Bot. Zh., 1961, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 151–154.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Semenova Tyan-Shanskaya, A.M., Dinamika stepnoi rastitel’nosti (Dynamics if Steppe Vegetation), Moscow: Nauka, 1966.

  10. 10

    Tarasov, A.O., Geobotanical zoning of Penza, Ulyanovsk, and Saratov oblasts, in Prirodnoe i sel’skokhozyaistvennoe raionirovanie SSSR (Natural and Agricultural Zoning of the Soviet Union), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1969, pp. 180–182.

  11. 11

    Blagoveshchenskii, V.V., Rastitel’nost’ Privolzhskoi vozvyshennosti v svyazi s ee istoriei i ratsional’nym ispol’zovaniem (Vegetation of the Volga Upland: History and Rational Management), Ulyanovsk: Ulyanovsk. Gos. Univ., 2005.

  12. 12

    Safronova, I.N., Yurkovskaya, T.K., Miklyaeva, I.M., et al., Zony i tipy poyasnosti rastitel’nosti Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii (Vegetation Zones and Types of Zonality in Russia and Neighboring Territories), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1999.

  13. 13

    Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V., Holocene dynamics of forest ecosystems on the plateau of the Volga Upland, Russ. J. Ecol., 2006, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 73–78.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V., Holocene dynamics of forest ecosystems on the upper plateau of the Volga Upland, Russ. J. Ecol., 2017, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 425–432. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413617050034

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V. and Isaev, I.E., The Holocene evolution of vegetation in the southeast of the Volga Upland, Russ. J. Ecol., 2018, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 93–101. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413618020054

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Chiguryaeva, A.A., Ivanovskie peatlands, Uch. Zap. Saratov. Gos. Univ., Ser. Biol., 1941, pp. 3–82.

  17. 17

    Chiguryaeva, A.A. and Voronina, K.V., On the history of vegetation development in the Mokhovoe Bog, Saratov oblast, in Pochvy i rastitel’nost' Yugo-Vostoka (Soils and Vegetation of Southeastern Russia), Saratov: Saratov. Gos. Univ., 1970, pp. 159–163.

  18. 18

    Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., et al., IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP, Radiocarbon, 2013, vol. 55, pp. 1869–1887.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Klimanov, V.A., Reconstructions of paleotemperatures and paleoprecipitation based on palynological data, in Metody rekonstruktsii paleoklimatov (Methods for Reconstructing Paleoclimates), Moscow: Nauka, 1985, pp. 38–48.

  20. 20

    Klimanov, V.A., Khotinskii, N.A., and Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V., Climate fluctuations in the central Russian Plain over the historical period, Izv. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Geogr., 1995, no.1, pp. 89–96.

  21. 21

    Cherepanov, S.K., Sosudistye rasteniya SSSR (Vascular Plants of the Soviet Union), Leningrad: Nauka, 1981.

  22. 22

    Mangerud, J., Birks, H.J.B., and Jager, K.D., Chronostratigraphical subdivision of the Holocene, Striae, 1982, vol. 16, pp. 65–110.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23

    Walker, M.J.C., Berkelhammer, M., Bjorck, S., et al., Formal subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: A discussion paper by a Working Group of INTIMATE (Integration of ice-core, marine and terrestrial records) and The Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (International Commission on Stratigraphy), J. Quaternary Sci., 2012, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 649–659.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24

    Aleksandrovskii, A.L., Evolyutsiya pochv Vostochno-Evropeiskoi ravniny v golotsene (The Holocene Evolution of Soils in the East European Plain), Moscow: Nauka, 1983.

  25. 25

    Tseplyaev, V.P., Lesa SSSR (Forests of the Soviet Union), Moscow: Sel’khozgiz, 1961.

  26. 26

    Van Zeist, W. and Casparie, N., A palaebotanical study of a Swiss neolithic lake shore settlement, Biol. Archaeol. Inst. Univ. Groningen, 1974, no. 53 (6), p. 415.

  27. 27

    Behre, K.E., The interpretation of anthropogenic indicators in pollen diagrams, Pollen Spores, 1981, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 225–245.

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28

    Behre, K.E., Anthropogenic Indicators in Pollen Diagrams, Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  29. 29

    Kind, N.V., Holocene paleoclimates and natural environment, in Istoriya biogeotsenozov SSSR v golotsene (The Holocene History of Biogeocenoses of the Soviet Union), Moscow: Nauka, 1976, pp. 5–14.

  30. 30

    Gumilev, L.N., Drevnyaya Rus’ i Velikaya step’ (Ancient Rus’ and the Great Steppe), Moscow: Mysl’, 1989.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. V. Blagoveshchenskaya.

Additional information

Translated by D. Zabolotny

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.V. Forest and Steppe Relationships in the South of the Volga Upland during the Holocene. Russ J Ecol 51, 31–37 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413620010038

Download citation

Keywords:

  • paleovegetation
  • paleogeography
  • Holocene
  • Volga Upland
  • paleoclimate