Skip to main content

An Experimental Test of the Concealment Hypothesis Using Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula) nests on the Tibet Plateau

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Ricklefs, R.E., An analysis of nesting mortality in birds, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 1969, vol. 9, pp. 1–48.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Martin, T. E., Nest predation and nest sites, Bioscience, 1993, vol. 43, pp. 523–532.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Roff, D., A. Life History Evolution, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Assoc., 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Burhans, D.E. and Thompson, F.R., Effects of time and nest-site characteristics on concealment of songbird nests, Condor, 1998, vol.100, pp. 663–672.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Whelan, C.J., Dilger, M.L., Robson, D., Hallyn, N., and Dilger, S., Effects of olfactory cues on artificialnest experiments, Auk, 1994, vol. 111, pp. 945–952.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Peak, R.G., An experimental test of the concealment hypothesis using American goldfinch nests, Wilson Bull., 2003, vol. 115, pp. 403–408.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Zanette, L.Y., White, A.F., Allen, M.C., and Clinchy, M., Perceived predation risk reduces the number of offspring songbirds produce per year, Science, 2011, vol. 334, pp. 1398–1401.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Li, S., Peng, W. and Guo, C., Factors affecting nest success of the oriental skylark on the Tibetan Plateau, Ornithol. Sci., 2015, vol. 14, pp. 47–52.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Gill, F. and Donsker, D. (Eds.), IOC World Bird List (v. 8.2), 2018. doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.8.2

    Google Scholar 

  10. Atuo, F.A. and O’Connell, T.J., Scale-dependent resource selection and space use by Mississippi kite (Ictinia mississippiensis) in a heterogenous mixed-shrub ecosystem, J. Ornithol., 2018, vol. 159, pp. 901–911.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Howlett, J.S. and Stutchbury, B.J., Nest concealment and predation in hooded warblers: Experimental removal of nest cover, Auk, 1996, vol. 113, pp. 1–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Cancellieri, S. and Murphy, M.T., Experimental analysis of nest-site choice and its relationship to nest success in an open-cup-nesting passerine, Auk, 2014, vol. 131, pp. 539–548.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Yuan, C.Z., Wu, Y., and Zhang, S.X., Note on the breeding of Small Skylarks, Chin. J. Wildl., 1982, vol. 33, pp. 33–37.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Li, S., Shi, R., Li, W., and Li, G., Grazing pressure affects offspring sex ratio in a socially monogamous passerine on the Tibet Plateau, J. Avian Biol., 2018, vol. 49, pp. E1–E7.

  15. Holway, D.A., Nest-site selection and the importance of nest concealment in the black-throated blue warbler, Condor, 1991, vol. 93, pp. 575–581.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Wilson, S. and Martin, K., Breeding habitat selection of sympatric White-tailed, Rock and Willow Ptarmigan in the southern Yukon Territory, Canada, J. Ornithol., 2008, vol. 149, pp. 629–637.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Mayfield, H., Suggestions for calculating nest success, Wilson Bull., 1975, vol. 87, pp. 456–466.

    Google Scholar 

  18. White, G.C. and Burnham, K.P., Program mark: Survival estimation from populations of marked animals, Bird Study, 1999, vol. 46, pp. 120–139.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Steidl, R.J., Hayes, J.P., and Schauber, E., Statistical power analysis in wildlife research, J. Wildl. Manag., 1997, vol. 61, pp. 270–279.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Weidinger, K., Interactive effects of concealment, parental behaviour and predators on the survival of open passerine nests, J. Anim. Ecol., 2002, vol. 71, pp. 424–437.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Schaub, R., Mumme, R.L., and Woollfenden, G.E., Predation on the eggs and nestlings of Florida Scrub Jays, Auk, 1992, vol. 109, pp. 585–593.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Vickery, P.D., Hunter, M.L. and Wells, J.V., Evidence of incidental nest predation and its effects on nests of threatened grassland birds, Oikos, 1992, vol. 63, pp. 281–288.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shaobin Li.

Additional information

The article is published in the original.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Li, S., Qin, J., Jin, Z. et al. An Experimental Test of the Concealment Hypothesis Using Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula) nests on the Tibet Plateau. Russ J Ecol 49, 588–590 (2018).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Nest site
  • nest survival
  • predation
  • life history
  • Tibet Plateau