Advertisement

Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 268–273 | Cite as

Ecophysiology of Steppe Mouse Subspecies Mus spicilegius spicilegus, Peteni, 1883 (Rodentia, Mammalia) at the South Boundary of its Distribution

  • M. Beltcheva
  • R. Metcheva
Article

Abstract

Diet, food preferences and main ecophysiological characteristics such like energy requirements and thermoregulation characteristics of Mus spicilegus spicilegus (Petenyi, 1882) were studied. The most preferred foods for the mice were seeds of weed species that composed more than 85% of their diet. The results of food selection experiments shows that the total daily consumption by mice is 2.77 ± 0.76 g/animal/day or 5.5 kJ/g/day or 84.9 kJ/animal/day. From the total daily energy consumption 16.4% go back to nature in the form of feces and urine and the rest 83.6% animals utilized for assimilation. The results of the temperature preferences for Mus s. spicilegus shows preferred temperature zone from around 26 to 36°C where mice spent about 72% of the experimental time. The lowest value of oxygen consumption for resting metabolism rate (RMR) was registered at 30°C–3.20 ± 0.71 cm3 O2/g/h. It is possible to consider that the thermoneutral zone is around these temperature values. The obtained results give reason to conclude that from an ecophysiologycal point of view the climate in the south boundary of distribution provides optimal conditions for species development. The main cause for population decreasing probably is the loss of open habitats including natural steppe grasslands.

Keywords

Mus s. spicilegus diet energy requirements thermoregulation oxygen consumption 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Sokolov V., Kotenkova, E., and Lialyukhina, S., Biologiya domovoi i kurganchikovoi myshei (The Biology of House and Mound-building Mice), Moscow: Nauka, 1990.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Macholán M. and Vohralík, V., Note on the distribution of Mus spicilegus (Mammalia: Rodentia) in the southwestern Balkans, Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem., 1997, vol. 61, pp. 219–226.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coroiu, I., Kryštufek, B., and Vohralík, V., Mus spicilegus, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2008, T13984A4378403.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Patris B. and Baudoin, C., A comparative study of parental care between two rodent species: Implications for the mating system of the mound-building mouse Mus spicilegus, Behav. Processes, 2000, vol. 51, noc. 1–3, pp. 35–43.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Garza J.C., Dallas, J., Duryadi, D., Gerasimov, S., Croset, H., and Boursot, P., Social structure of the mound-building mouse Mus spicilegus revealed by genetic analysis with microsatellites, Mol. Ecol., 1997, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1009–1017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Simeonovska-Nikolova, D., Social relationships and social structure of the mound-building mouse (Mus spicilegus) in intraspecific cage groups, Acta Ethol., 2003, vol. 6, pp. 39–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Muntyanu, A.I., Ecological features of an overwintering population of the hillock mouse (Mus hortulanus Nordm.) in the south-west of the U.S.S.R., Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 2008, vol. 42, pp. 73–82.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bonhomme F. and Guénet, J.L., The wild house mouse and its relatives, in Genetical Variants and Strains of the Laboratory Mouse, Lyon, M.F. and Searle, A.G., Eds., Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989, pp. 649–662.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hölzl, M., Krištofík, J., Darolová, A., and Hoi, H., Food preferences and mound-building behaviour of the mound-building mice Mus spicilegus, Naturwissenschaften, 2011, vol. 98, p.863.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mitsainas, G.P., Rovatsos, M.T., Karamariti, I., and Giagia-Athanasopoulou, E., Chromosomal studies on Greek populations of four small rodent species, Folia Zool., 2008, vol. 57, pp. 337–346.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bomford, M., Food and reproduction of wild house mice: 2. A field experiment to examine the effect of food availability and food quality on breeding in spring, Austr. Wildl. Res., 1987, vol. 14, pp. 197–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Drozdz, A., Food habits and food supply of rodents in the beech forest, Acta Theriol., 1966, vol. 11, pp. 363–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Petrusewicz, K. and Macfadyen, A., Productivity of Terrestrial Animals. Principles and Methods, IBP Handbook no. 13, 1970.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bashenina, N.V., Adaptivnye osobennosti teploobmena myshevidnykh gryzunov (Adaptive Features of Heat Exchange in Murine Rodents), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1977.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Panteleev, P.A., Bioenergetika melkikh mlekopitayushchikh. Adaptatsiya gryzunov i nasekomoyadnykh k tempretaurnym usloviyam sredy (Bioenergetics of Small Mammals: Adaptation of Rodents and Insectivores to Thermal Conditions of the Environment), Moscow: Nauka, 1983.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Metcheva, R. and Gerasimov, S., Comparative thermoregulation characteristics of the four taxa of the mouse, Mus musculus musculus (L., 1758), Mus musculus domesticus (Schwarz, Schwarz, 1943), Mus spicilegus (Petenyi, 1882), and Mus macedonicus (Petrov, Ruzic, 1983), Ekologia, 1994, vol. 26, pp. 106–120Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Metcheva, R. and Beltcheva, M., Bioenergetic characteristics of genus Mus (Mammalia: Rodentia) from South Europe, Acta Zool. Bulg., 2012, vol. 64, pp. 125–131.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hayssen, V. and Lacy, R.C., Basal metabolic rates in mammals: Taxonomic differences in the allometry of BMR and body mass, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A: Comp. Physiol., 1985, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 741–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    McNab, B.K., The evolution of mammalian energetics, in Evolutionary Physiological Ecology, Calow, P., Ed., Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1987, pp. 219–236.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hayes J.P., Garland, T., Jr., and Dohm, M.R., Individual variation in metabolism and reproduction of Mus: Are energetics and life history linked? Funct. Ecol., 1992, vol. 6, pp. 5–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Speakman, J.R., The cost of living: Field metabolic rates of small mammals, Adv. Ecol. Res., 2000, vol. 30, pp. 177–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Selman, C., Lumsden, S., Bunger, L., Hill, W., and Speakman, J., Resting metabolic rate and morphology in mice (Mus musculus) selected for high and low food intake, J. Exp. Biol., 2001, vol. 204, pp. 777–784.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hayssen, V., Basal metabolic rate and the intrinsic rate of increase: An empirical and theoretical reexamination, Oecologia, 1984, vol. 64, pp. 419–424.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Armitage, K.B., Melcher, J.C., and Ward, J.R., Oxygen consumption and body temperature in yellow-bellied marmot populations from montane-mesic and lowland-xeric environments, J. Comp. Physiol., 1990, vol.160, pp. 491–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bozinovic F., Lagos, J.R., Vasquez, R.A., Kenagy, G.J., Time and energy use under thermoregulatory constraints in a diurnal rodent, J. Therm. Biol., 2000, vol. 25, pp. 251–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Simeonovska-Nikolova, D., Neighbour relationships and spacing behaviour of mound-building mouse, Mus spicilegus (Mammalia: Rodentia) in summer, Acta Zool. Bulg., 2012, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 135–143.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem ResearchBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

Personalised recommendations