Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 53–61 | Cite as

Characteristics of Carbon Storage and Density in Different Layers of Forest Ecosystems

Article

Abstract

Characteristics of carbon storage and density in different layers of forest ecosystems should be studied comprehensively and in more detail. Using forest inventory data in combination with field survey data, we explored the characteristics of carbon storage and density in different layers of forest ecosystems in Liaoning Province of China. Results showed that total carbon storage was 813.034 Tg C. The carbon storage of soil layer accounted for 81.0% of the total storage with 658.783 Tg C, followed by those of arbor, litter and shrub layers with 128.403 Tg C (15.8%), 22.723 Tg C (2.8%) and 3.125 Tg C (0.4%), respectively. The average carbon density for the forest ecosystems were 183.571 Mg C ha–1, with soil layer (148.744 Mg C ha–1) being the highest one, followed by arbor layer (28.992 Mg C ha–1), litter layer (5.131 Mg C ha–1) and shrub-grass layer (0.706 Mg C ha–1). Carbon storage in different forest ecosystems varied from 1.595 to 319.161 Tg C, while C density ranged from 165.067 to 235.947Mg C ha–1, with the highest and lowest values being observed in soil layer and shrub-grass layers, respectively, implying that soil is the main body of forest carbon storage. Young-aged forests accounted for a greater proportion of forests in the Province than forests in other age classes; and proper management of forests could increase the carbon sequestration in the forest ecosystems. The comparison with previous estimations of carbon storage for forest ecosystem implied that methods and data used for forest carbon storage estimation affected the results of estimates obviously.

Keywords

forest ecosystem carbon storage carbon density estimation method 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Henan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoPeople’s Republic of China

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