Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 87–92 | Cite as

Dynamics of Trophic Activity of Leaf-Eating Insects on Birch during Reduction of Emissions from the Middle Ural Copper Smelter

  • E. A. Belskaya


The trophic activity of birch leaf-eating insects in background and impact (highly polluted) sites near the Middle Ural Copper Smelter has been recorded in 2008–2015. Reduction of emissions leads to a significant decrease in the concentration of heavy metals in birch leaves, and the existing differences in the proportion of damaged leaves between the background and impact sites are leveling off. An increasing temporal trend in foliar damage at the impact site confirms that the trophic activity of leaf-eating insects is being recovered following reduction of toxic load, and the remaining differences from the background territory indicate that this process is still continuing.


foliar damage phytophages invertebrates insects Betula industrial pollution heavy metals recovery sustainability monitoring 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Parmenter, R.R. and Macmahon, J.A., Early successional patterns of arthropod recolonization on reclaimed strip mines in southwestern Wyoming: The ground-dwelling beetle fauna (Coleoptera), Environ. Entomol., 1987, vol. 16, pp. 168–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Babin-Fenske, J. and Anand, M., Patterns of insect communities along a stress gradient following decommissioning of a Cu-Ni smelter, Environ. Pollut., 2011, vol. 159, pp. 3036–3043.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vorobeichik, E.L., Trubina, M.R., Khantemirova, E.V., and Bergman, I.E., Long-term dynamic of forest vegetation after reduction of copper smelter emissions, Russ. J. Ecol., 2014, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 498–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vorobeichik, E.L. and Nesterkova, D.V., Technogenic boundary of the mole distribution in the region of copper smelter impacts: Shift after reduction of emissions, Russ. J. Ecol., 2015, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 377–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koptsik, G.N., Koptsik, S.V., Smirnova, I.E., et al., Responses of forest ecosystems to reduction of industrial emissions into the atmosphere in the Kola Subarctic region, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 2016, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 145–163.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eeva, T. and Lehikoinen, E., Recovery of breeding success in wild birds, Nature, 2000, vol. 403, pp. 851–852.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Perner, J., Voigt, W., Bahrmann, R., et al., Responses of arthropods to plant diversity: Changes after pollution cessation, Ecography, 2003, vol. 26, pp. 788–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Braun, S.D., Jones, T.H., and Perner, J., Shifting average body size during regeneration after pollution: A case study using ground beetle assemblages, Ecol. Entomol., 2004, vol. 29, pp. 543–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kozlov, M.V., Zvereva, E.L., and Zverev, V.E., Impacts of Point Polluters on Terrestrial Biota, Berlin: Springer, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zvereva, E.L., Hunter, M.D., Zverev, V.E., and Kozlov, M.V., Factors affecting population dynamics of leaf beetles in a subarctic region: The interplay between climate warming and pollution decline, Sci. Tot. Environ., 2016, vols. 566–567, pp. 1277–1288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Heliövaara, K. and Väisänen, R., Air pollution levels and abundance of forest insects, in Acidification in Finland, Kauppi. P., Ed., Berlin: Springer, 1990, pp. 447–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bogacheva, I.A., Vzaimootnosheniya nasekomykhfitofagov i rastenii v ekosistemakh Subarktiki (Relationships of Phytophagous Insects and Plants in Subarctic Ecosystems), Sverdlovsk: Ural. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vorobeichik, E.L., “Dirty ecology” in the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, in Ural’skaya ekologicheskaya shkola: vekhi stanovleniya i razvitiya (The Ural Ecological School: Milestones in Establishment and Development), Yekaterinburg, 2005, pp. 175–217.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vorobeichik, E.L., Sadykov, O.F., and Farafontov, M.G., Ekologicheskoe normirovanie tekhnogennykh zagryaznenii nazemnykh ekosistem (Ecological Standardization of Terrestrial Ecosystems Technogenic Pollution), Yekaterinburg: Nauka, 1994.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baranchikov, Yu.N., Ecological nonuniformity of shoots in woody plants and the level of their utilization by phyllophagous insects, in Rol’ vzaimootnoshenii rastenie–nasekomoe v dinamike chislennosti lesnykh vreditelei: Mat-ly mezhdunar. simp. IYuFRO/MAB (The Role of Plant–Insect Interactions in Population Dynamics of Forest Pests: Proc. Int. IUFRO/MAB Symp.), Krasnoyarsk: Inst. Lesa i Drevesiny Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1983, pp. 49–72.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bogacheva, I.A., Size-dependent selective leaf damage by insects and some methodological implications of this phenomenon, Russ. J. Ecol., 2002, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 423–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Belskaya, E.A. and Vorobeichik, E.L., Changes in the trophic activity of leaf-eating insects in birch along the pollution gradient near the Middle Ural Copper Smelter, Contemp. Probl. Ecol., 2015, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 397–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lyanguzova, I.V. and Chertov, O.G., Chemical composition of plants under conditions of atmospheric and soil pollution, in Lesnye ekosistemy i atmosfernoe zagryaznenie (Forest Ecosystems and Atmospheric Pollution), Leningrad, 1990, pp. 75–86.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kozlov, M.V., Haukioja, E., Bakhtiarov, A.V., et al., Root versus canopy uptake of heavy metals by birch in an industrially polluted area: contrasting behaviour of nickel and copper, Environ. Pollut., 2000, vol. 107, pp. 413–420.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tomašević, M., Aničić, M., Jovanović, L., et al., Deciduous tree leaves in trace elements biomonitoring: A contribution to methodology, Ecol. Indicators, 2011, vol. 11, pp. 1689–1695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vorobeichik, E.L. and Kaigorodova, S.Yu., Long-term dynamics of heavy metals in the upper horizons of soils in the region of a copper smelter impacts during the period of reduced emission, Euras. Soil Sci., 2017, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 977–990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Belskaya, E.A. and Vorobeichik. E.L., Responses of leaf-eating insects feeding on aspen to emissions from the Middle Ural Copper Smelter, Russ. J. Ecol., 2013, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 108–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations