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Adaptive properties of the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s.l.) under conditions of air pollution by motor vehicle exhausts

Abstract

Microcalorimetric, gasometric, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods have been used to evaluate heat production, gas exchange, and root membrane permeability in dandelion of different morphological forms from populations exposed to different levels of air pollution. The results show that these forms differ in the level of energy metabolism and that the form with a higher metabolic level (T. off. f. dahlstedtii) is more tolerant of air pollution with motor vehicle exhausts.

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Correspondence to V. N. Vorobyev.

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Original Russian Text © G.V. Vorobyev, A.Yu. Alyabyev, T.I. Ogorodnikova, A.F. Khamidullin, V.N. Vorobyev, 2014, published in Ekologiya, 2014, No. 2, pp. 91–96.

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Vorobyev, G.V., Alyabyev, A.Y., Ogorodnikova, T.I. et al. Adaptive properties of the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s.l.) under conditions of air pollution by motor vehicle exhausts. Russ J Ecol 45, 90–94 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413614020106

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413614020106

Keywords

  • Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s.l.
  • NMR relaxation
  • gas exchange
  • heat production
  • air pollution