Advertisement

Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 292–298 | Cite as

Impact of invasive mammal species on natural ecosystems: An example of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve

  • V. V. BobrovEmail author
  • S. A. Al’bov
  • L. A. Khlyap
Article

Abstract

On the basis of Annals of Nature of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve, its colonization by invasive mammal species and the current state of their populations have been analyzed. In the mammal fauna of the reserve, 13 out of 60 species can be classified as invasive. They differ in the degree of impact on the biota. The house mouse, Norway and black rats, and European bison have virtually no effect on natural ecosystems; the effect of the muskrat, raccoon dog, American mink, red and axis deer is insignificant; and that of stray dogs and Tartarian roe deer is considerable. The European beaver and wild boar play an environment-forming role. The impact of beaver activities is strong but local, whereas activities of wild boars put into question the very possibility of conservation and analysis of representative biosphere areas and biological diversity in the reserve.

Key words

mammals Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve invasive alien species invasions natural ecosystems 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Biologicheskie invazii v vodnykh i nazemnykh ekosistemakh (Biological Invasions into Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems), Alimov, A.F. and Bogutskaya, N.G., Eds., Moscow: KMK, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Chashchukhin, V.A., Ondatra: prichiny i sledstviya biologicheskoi invazii (The Musckrat: Causes and Consequences of Biological Invasion), Moscow: KMK, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Danilov, P.I., Okhotnich’i zveri Karelii (Game Mammals of Karelia), Moscow: Nauka, 2005.Google Scholar
  4. Fedorov, F.F. and Rabinova, T.I., Dynamics of Tree-Shrub Vegetation in the Zone Accessible to Dendrophagous Ungulates, Letopis’ prirody Prioksko-Terrasnogo gosudarstvennogo biosfernogo zapovednika (Annals of Nature of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi State Biosphere Reserve), 2003, vol. 56, pp. 79–88.Google Scholar
  5. Invasive Species in a Changing World, Mooney, H.A. and Hobbs, R.J., Eds., Washington, DC: Island Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  6. Khlyap, L.A. and Bobrov, V.V., Diversity of Invasive Mammal Species in Terrestrial Ecosystems of Russia, Estestvennye i invaziinye protsessy formirovaniya bioraznoobraziya vodnykh i nazemnykh ekosistem: Tez. dokl. mezhdun. konf. (Natural and Invasion-Dependent Processes of Biodiversity Formation in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems), Matishov, G.G., Ed., Rostov-on-Don, 2007, pp. 319–320.Google Scholar
  7. Letopis’ prirody Prioksko-Terrasnogo gosudarstvennogo biosfernogo zapovednika (Annals of Nature of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi State Biosphere Reserve), 1948–2006, vols. 1–59. Available from Archives of the PTBR.Google Scholar
  8. Lowe, S., Browne, M., Boudjealas, S., and De Poorter, M., 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species. A Selection from the Global Invasive Species Database, Auckland: IUCN-ISSG, 2001.Google Scholar
  9. Maslyakov, V.Yu., Database “Introduced Species in Northern Eurasia”: Structure, Contents, and Information Sources, Invazii chuzherodnykh vidov v Golarktike: Mat-ly Rossiisko-Amerikanskogo simpoz. po invaziinym vidam (Invasions of Alien Species in the Holarctic. Proc. Russian-American Symp. on Invasive Species), Borok, 2003, pp. 49–63.Google Scholar
  10. McNeely, J.A., Mooney, H.A., Neville, L.E., et al., A Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species. Gland, UK: IUCN, 2001.Google Scholar
  11. Neronov, V.M. and Lushchekina, A.A., Alien Species and Biodiversity Conservation, Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 2001, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 121–128.Google Scholar
  12. Pavlov, M.P., Akklimatizatsiya okhotnich’e-promyslovykh zverei i ptits v SSSR. Ch. 3. Kopytnye (Acclimation of Game Animals and Birds in the Soviet Union, part 3: Ungulates), Kirov, 1999.Google Scholar
  13. Shovkun, M.M., The State of Vegetation in the European Bison Nursery of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi State Biosphere Reserve, in Problemy sokhraneniya i vosstanovleniya dikikh kopytnykh zhivotnykh v Tsentral’nom regione Rossii (Problems in Conservation and Restroration of Wild Ungulate Populations in Central Russia), Orel: ORAGS, 2003, pp. 107–114.Google Scholar
  14. Zablotskaya, L.V., The Tartarian Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus pygargus Pall.) in the Serpukhov District of Moscow Oblast, Tr. Prioksko-Terrasn. Gos. Zap., 1961, no. 3, pp. 77–84.Google Scholar
  15. Zablotskaya, L.V., The Ecological Niche of the Axis Deer in the Southern Moscow Region, in Kopytnye fauny SSSR. Ekologiya, morfologiya, ispol’zovanie i okhrana (Ungulates of the USSR Fauna: Ecology, Morphology, Utilization, and Protection), Moscow: Nauka, 1975, pp. 94–95.Google Scholar
  16. Zablotskaya, L.V., Introduction of Game Mammals in the Southern Moscow Region, in Ekosistemy Yuzhnogo Podmoskov’ya (Ecosystems of the Southern Moscow Region), Moscow: Nauka, 1979, pp. 198–233.Google Scholar
  17. Zablotskaya, L.V., The Prioksko-Terrasnyi Reserve, in Zapovedniki evropeiskoi chasti RSFSR (Nature Reserve of European Russia), Moscow: Mysl’, 1989, part 2, pp. 30–51.Google Scholar
  18. Zablotskaya, L.V., Mammals, in Pozvonochnye zhivotnye Prioksko-Terrasnogo zapovednika (Vertebrates in the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Reserve), Moscow, 1991, pp. 33–47.Google Scholar
  19. Zablotskaya, M.M. and Shchegolev, M.K., Role of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi State Biosphere Reserve in Restoration and Enrichment of Game Fauna in the Southern Moscow Region, Sokhranenie raznoobraziya zhivotnykh i okhotnich’e khozyaistvo Rossii: Mat-ly nauchno-praktich. konf. (Conservation of Animal Diversity and Game Management in Russia. Proc. Sci.-Pract. Conf.), Moscow, 2005, pp. 46–49.Google Scholar
  20. Zablotskii, M.A. and Zablotskaya, M.M., The Central European Bison Nursery of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Reserve As a Center for Restoring the European Bison Population in the Soviet Union: The Results of 40-Year Work, 5-i s″ezd Vsesoyuzn. teriolog. obshch-va AN SSSR (Proc. 5th Conf. of the All-Union Theriological Society, USSR Acad. Sci.), Moscow, 1990, vol. 3, pp. 149–150.Google Scholar
  21. Zav’yalov, N.A., Krylov, A.V., Bobrov, A.A., Ivanov, V.K., and Dgebuadze, Yu.Yu., Vliyanie rechnogo bobra na ekosistemy malykh rek (The Impact of European Beavers on Ecosystems of Small Rivers), Moscow: Nauka, 2005.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere ReserveDanki, Moscow oblastRussia

Personalised recommendations